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64 terms

Ch 18: Quickfire hormone->function

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oxytosin (OT)
What hormone stimulates UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION (let down) during suckling
corticotropin (ACTH)
What hormone STIMULATES secretion of hormones by the ADRENAL CORTEX and stimulates secretion of insulin (by pancreas)
antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin, ADH)
What hormone targets the KIDNEYS and decreases water loss by increasing REABSORPTION of WATER into blood and decreasing urine production. Also increases blood pressure by arteriole contriction
androgen
What hormone INCREASES LIBIDO in WOMEN
T3 (triiodothyronine), T4 (thyroxine, tetraiodothyronine)
What hormone increases metabolism (use of glucose and fatty acids for ATP); synthesis of protein; increase BMR; cholesterol excretion; and development of nervous system (two hormones)
luteinizing hormones (LH)
What hormone triggers ovulation and stimulates secretion of estrogen and progesterone
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
What hormone increases blood calcium levels by stimulating osteoclast activity
epinephrine, norepinephrine (E, NE)
What hormone promotes fight-or-flight response (two hormones) during stress or crisis
prolactin (PRL)
What hormone stimulates production and secretion of milk
cortisol
What hormone increases resistance to stress, increases blood glucose levels, and decreases inflammation and immune response and increases protein breakdown (catabolism)
melatonin
What hormone helps to set the biological clock
melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)
What hormone darkens skin pigmentation
hGHRH and TRH
What hormone stimulates secretion of hormones that stimulate body growth and metabolism?
calcitonin
What hormone decreases blood calcium levels by inhibiting osteoclasts
thymosin
What hormone promotes the maturation of T cells for the immune response
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
What hormone stimulates oocyte production and estrogen secretion
insulin
What hormone decreases blood glucose levels by transporting glucose into body cells
PTH
What hormone promotes formation of calcitriol, responding to low calcium levels in blood
insulin
What hormone stimulates the formation of fat
glucagon
What hormone increases blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to break down glycogen into glucose
estrogen and progesterone
What hormone stimulates developent of female sex characteristics and helps regulate menstrual cycle (two hormones)
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
What hormone regulates sperm development, stimulates development of male sex characteristics and stimulates male sex drive
luteinizing hormone (LH)
What hormone stimulates secretion of testosterone
thyroid stimulating hormone (thyrotropin, TSH)
What hormone stimulates secretions of thyroid hormones
FSH, testosterone
What hormone(s) stimulates sperm production
aldosterone
What hormone increases reabsorption of sodium (Na) and water into blood and decreases urine output (this in turn increases blood pressure) also decreases potassium K+ levels in blood
calcitriol
What hormone increases calcium and phosphates absorption from gastrointestinal tract into blood
leptin
What hormone supresses appetite and MAY increase FSH and LH secretion
cholecystokinin (CCK)
What hormone aids in digestion (by regulating bile in gallbladder and stimulating pancreatic juices) causes feeling of fullness after eating
gastrin
What hormone aids in digestion (by increasing movement of stomach and gastric juices)
secretin
What hormone aids in digestion (by STIMULATING SECRETION OF pancreatic juice and bile)
GIP, hGH, ACTH, glycagon
What hormones directly STIMULATE release of INSULIN by pancreatic Beta cells
hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin)
What hormone maintains estrogen and progesterone levels during PREGNANCY
thyroid stimulating hormone (thyrotropin, TSH)
What hormone can expand the size of thyroid?
thyroid stimulating hormone (thyrotropin, TSH)
What hormone increases iodide uptake?
somatostatin (GHIH, growth hormone inhibiting hormone)
What hormone inhibits hGH secretion?
somatostatin (GHIH, growth hormone inhibiting hormone)
What hormone inhibits TSH secretion?
dopamine (PIH, prolactin inhibiting hormone)
What hormone inhibits prolactin secretion?
dopamine
What hormone inhibits MSH secretion?
somatocrinin (GHRH, growth hormone releasing hormone)
What hormone stimulates hGH secretion?
thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH)
What hormone stimulates TSH secretion?
gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)
What hormone stimulates FSH and LH secretion?
prolactin releasing hormone (PRH)
What hormone stimulates prolactin secretion
corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH stimulates corticotropin which is ACTH)
What hormone stimulates what hormone stimulates corticotropin?
corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH)
What hormone stimulates MSH?
erythropoietin (EPO)
What hormone increases the rate of red blood cell formation?
renin
What enzyme raises blood pressure by causing vasoconstriction and secretion of aldosterone?
DHEA (an androgen)
What hormone stimulates early growth of axillary and pubic hair and contributes to female libido estrogens after menopause?
calcitriol
What hormone is the active form of vitamin D?
atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
What hormone is produced by the heart to decrease blood pressure?
ADH, aldosterone
What hormones raise blood pressure?
ANP
What hormones lower blood pressure?
insulin, GHIH (somatostatin)
What hormones lower blood glucose in blood? (response to hyperglycemia)
glucagon, GHIH??, pancreatic polypeptide
What hormones raise blood glucose in blood? (response to hypoglycemia)
calcitonin
What hormones lower blood calcium and lowers phosphorus in blood?
PTH, calcitriol
What hormones raise blood calcium but lower phosphorus in blood?
aldosterone (K),
What hormones takes potassium out of blood
(1 secreted by hypothalamus:) CRH, GHRH, TRH (2 secreted by pituitary gland:) ADH, ACTH, hGH, TSH (3 secreted by other endocrine glands:) cortisol, IGFs, T3, T4, N, NE
What hormones are involved in STRESS response? (just give abbreviations) name (1) hormones secreted by hypothalmus (2) hormones secreted by pituitary gland (3) hormones secreted by other endocrine glands
insulinlike growth factors (IGF, somatomedins)
What hormone elevated blood glucose, promotes protein anabolism, promotes growth in youth and tissue repair and maintaining muscle in adults
insulinlike growth factors (IGF, somatomedins)
What hormone increases lipolysis to release fatty acids for ATP use, decreases protein breakdown reducing amino acid use for ATP and decreases use of glucose for ATP, reserving it for neurons
T3, T4, EPO
What hormone would you secrete MORE of at high altitudes?
PTH
What hormones increases magnesium in blood?
cholecystokinin (CCK)
What hormone aids in digestion (by regulating bile in gallbladder and stimulating pancreatic juices)
aldosterone
What hormones increase sodium in blood?