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50 terms

Native AMerican Cultural Regions

STUDY
PLAY
cultures
a way of living
nomadic
moving from place to place as changes in seasons made food available in other places
artifacts
objects made by humans to help them adapt to their environemnt
mesas
a flat toppped hill area with steep sides
gorge
a narrow, valley with steep sides
cultural regions
areas where similar cultures developed
NORTHWEST COAST
narrow strip of land along the Pacific Coast from Alasks to California. Forests grew right up to the shore. CLIMATE was mild w/ heavy rains. Lots of WILDLIFE.
NORTHWEST TRIBES
Tlingit, Chinook, and Kwakiutl
NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)
WOOD HOUSE (made from local cedar trees, several families in one, cedar totem poles in front
NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)
CEDAR BARK CAPE, waterproof, made from strips of cedar bark woven together, protection from rain
NORTHWEST Artifacts (Kwakiutl)
CEDAR BARK FISH TRAP made from cedar to catch salmon
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN
Pciaici Coast of Californiam, inland over Siearra Nevada mountains into the Great basin
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
DESERT Shoshine & Pauite were nodmic tribes in Great Basin)
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
FOREST Miwok & Pomo tribes in redwood forest
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENT
COASTAL California Pomos lived here
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN TRIBES
ShoSshine, Paiute, Miwok, & Pomo
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)
Cone Shaped Red-wood houese - made fromstrips of wood from local redwood trees piled against a central pol
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)
clamshell necklace ..used clamshells found along the shore to make jewlery
CALIFORNIA INTERMOUNTAIN Artifacts (Pomo)
grass baskets.... w/ shells, beads, & feathers, used for holding food
SOUTHWEST
Dry region streches from the SWestern US to Northern Mexico
SOUTHWEST CLMATE
Mountains, flat topped mesas, canyons, and deserts.
SOUTHWEST Temperatures
extreme and little rainfall.
SOUTHWEST Tribes
Apache & Hopi (some were nomadic & others farmed)
SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)
adobe pueblo apartments..used available clay because not many trees
SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)
woven cotten dresses...cooton was confortable and cool in hot weather/local plants & minerals available to dye the cloth
SOUTHWEST Artifacts (Hopi)
clay pot...used available clay to make pots, used to store water
PLATEAU
between the Cascade and Rocky Mountains
PLATEAU CLIMATES
flat lands, rollinghills, steep gorges LOTS OF WATER
PLATEAU TRIBES
Nez, Perce, Spokane, Yakima
PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)
Underground winter house...built partially underground for pr=rotection from the cold, made of grass because wood was hard to find
PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)
woven grass baskets...made from grass and decorated w/ designs
PLATEAU Artifacts (Yakima)
wood handled tool ....made of hardwood that was curved and pointed at the end; attched a short handle of animal horn..used for digging roots
GREAT PLAINS
extends from Rocky Mnts to Mississippi River Valley, North and South from Canada to Texas
GREAT PLAINS Climate
treeless grassland w/ cold winters and hot summer..Lots of animals and BUFFALO was important
GREAT PLAINS Tribes
Cheyenne, Pawnee, Comanche, Sioux
GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)
Buffalo skin t-pee...6-20 hides sewn together & stretched over a cone made from long pole
GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)
buffalo hid blanket....warm blankets to wear in the winter for protection from the cold
GREAT PLAINS Artifacts (Sioux)
buffalo hide shielf - warriors made these from buffalo skin
EASTERN WOODLANDS
strectched from Mississippi RIver to Atalntic Ocean, from Great Lakes to Ohio Valley
EASTERN WOODLANDS Climate
hills, mountains, valleys, and seacoasts w/ rich woodlands, steams, & rivers, 4 SEASONS
EASTERN WOODLANDS Tribes
Iroquois, Mohawk, Seveca, Algonquian, Mohegan, Delaware
EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian)
Birch bark wigwam - used birch trees to makre house, bent small trees into dome shaped frame then covered it w/ mats made from bark of birch trees
EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian
turkey feathered cermeonial cape - sewed wil trukey feathers together to make a sleeveless cape
EASTERN WOODLANDS Artifacts (Algonquian
birch bark canoe - made from birch trees; lightweight to easily move it from stream to stream
SOUTHEAST
extends south fromOhio Valley to Gulf of Mexico& from Texas to Atlantic Ocean
SOUTHEAST Climate
wet & dry areas, river, valleys, mountains, coastal plains, swamps...mostly HOT weather
SOUTHEAST Tribes
Creek, Choctow, Seminole
SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)
Palm leaf chickee ...built on platform, used plam trees, platform for protection from wet ground, no walls because of hot weather
SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)
deerskin leggins...made from aniamls, protected legs from mosquitoes and saw grass
SOUTHEAST Artifacts (Seminole)
cypress dugout canoe...constructred from available trees, used seashells as tools, flat bottomed for navigation thru shallow swamps