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Virginia Studies, chapter 4, Colonial VA
FCPS, Our Virginia, 4th grade
Terms in this set (39)
The economy of the VA Colony depended on
agriculture as a primary source of wealth.
A crop that is grown to sell for money rather than for use by the growers.
became the most profitable agricultural product and was sold in England as a cash crop.
The successful planting of tobacco depended on a steady and inexpensive source of labor.
African men, women, and children were brought to the colony and enslaved to work on the plantations.
The Virginia colony became dependent on slave labor, and this dependence lasted a long time.
The culture of colonial VA reflected beliefs, customs and architecture of:
(English, Scots-Irish, German)
People that move from one country to another to make a new start.
Being attacked for your beliefs
Whenever people settle an area, they change the culture and landscape to reflect their
beliefs, customs and architecture.
Migration and living in new areas caused people to adapt old customs to their new environment.
To move from one place to another with the hopes of building a new life.
Examples of architecture that reflect different cultures include:
places of worship (churches).
Place names that reflect culture:
English - Richmond
American Indian - Roanoke
German - Strasburg
How did language change in colonial Virginia?
As Virginians and Indians traded, Indian words like raccoon and moccasin became a part of our vocabulary.
English and other Europeans settled primarily in which regions?
the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions
Germans and Scots-Irish settled primarily in which region?
the Shenandoah Valley, which was along the migration route
Africans were settled primarily in which regions?
the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont Regions, where tobacco agriculture required a great deal of labor
Prior to the arrival of the settlers, American Indians lived throughout VA. After the settlers arrived, most were forced...
Jamestown was Virginia's capital from 1607 to 1698.
Why was the capital moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg?
Drinking water was contaminated by seepage of salt water;
Unhealthy living conditions caused diseases;
Fire destroyed wooden and brick statehouse building at Jamestown
Why was the capital moved from Williamsburg to Richmond in 1780?
population was moving westward;
Richmond was a more central location;
moving to Richmond increased the distance from attack by the British
Made unsafe for drinking. A spread of filth or germs.
When did England become Great Britain?
In the early 1700's.
A capital is a city or town that is the site of a state or country government
A capitol is a special building in a capital for lawmakers and government offices.
In 1699 the General Assembly ordered the construction of the first American "capitol" in Williamsburg.
a medium of exchange (currency) which includes coins and paper bills.
Few people had paper money and coins to use to buy goods and services.
Barter was commonly used instead of money.
What is Barter?
trading goods and services without using money.
What crop was used as money?
Tobacco was used as money. A tobacco farmer could use his tobacco to pay for goods and services.
Farmers and other consumers could also buy goods and services on credit and pay their debts when their crops were harvested and sold.
What is credit?
buying a good or service now and paying for it later.
a good, service, or amount of money owed to another.
Money put away to be used at another time.
Did colonial Virginia have banks?
Colonial Virginia had NO banks.
People living in colonial Virginia depended on natural, human, and capital resources to
produce the goods and services they needed
Which natural resources gave colonists sources for food, clothing, and shelter?
Colonists had to work hard to survive. List some Human Resources:
They had to hunt, gather, sew, and cook.
They planted, weeded and harvested their food.
They wove cloth, sheared sheep, and built their own furniture.
Capital Resources that helped colonists earn a living and care for their families are:
barrels to hold tobacco
ships to transport goods to Europe
tools to help farm crops and weave cloth
Food in colonial VA:
food choices were limited;
meals were made of local produce and meats
Housing in colonial VA:
most people lived in one-room homes with dirt floors;
some people (farmers) lived in large houses
Clothing in colonial VA:
households made their own clothes;
most clothing was made of cotton, wool and leather
How did most white Virginians make their living?
Most white Virginians made their living from the land as small farmers. A few owned large farms (plantations).
What did most enslaved African Americans do?
Most enslaved African Americans worked tobacco, crops, and livestock. Enslaved African Americans had no rights.
Enslaved African Americans had no rights.
Did free African Americans have rights?
Some free African Americans owned their own business and property, but were denied most rights.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Virginia Studies chapter 3, Jamestown
Virginia Studies, chapter 2, VA's 1st People
Virginia Studies, chapter 1, Geography
Virginia Studies, chapt 5, Revolution
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