36 terms

CH 6 Section 3 Terms and People

ruled from 27 B.C. - 180 A.D.; restored power to the Senate; made many helpful reforms to Rome
ruled from 14 - 37 A.D.; very well educated; well loved by his soldiers; capable but unpopular ruler
ruled form 37 - 41 A.D.; "Little Boots"; promised low taxes; had himself declared a God
ruled from 41 - 54 A.D.; weakened by polio; mother called him "unfinished monster"; initiated program of construction and reform; people of Rome loved him
ruled from 54 - 68 A.D.; real name was Lucius; suspected plots against him; performed as public poet; accused of starting fire of Rome
ruled from 69 - 79 A.D.; man of sense, ability, and honor; firm will; scorned laziness; taxed everything and denounced as miserly
ruled from 79 - 81 A.D.; government was model of wisdom and honor; greatest fault was uncontrollable generosity; completed Colosseum
ruled from 81 - 96 A.D.; least popular ruler of Flavian era; insisted on being called Lord and Master; ineffective military leader
ruled from 96 - 98 A.D.; chosen by Senate; restored power to Senate, adopted frugal budget, distributed land, annulled many taxes
ruled from 98 - 117 A.D.; increased empire to greatest size; first non-Italian emperor (Spaniard); popular with army; well liked by senators
ruled from 117 - 138 A.D.; chose to establish defensible borders; spent great deal of time traveling in provinces; created Permanent Edict; revolt by Jews in Judea during his reign
Antonius Pius
ruled from 138 - 161 A.D.; wealthy senator from Gaul; maintained excellent relations with Senate; did non mount any military campaigns
Marcus Aurelius
ruled from 161 - 180 A.D.; stoic philosopher; wrote "Meditations"; waged wars in Germany, Dacia, and Parthia; plague swept across Rome during his rule
Roman senator who published beautifully written speeches
Roman poet who wrote "Metamorphoses"; linked Rome to Greece through tales of Greek and roman gods
Roman poet who wrote "Odes" about shortness of life and rewards of companionship
Roman poet who wrote the "Aeneid" which was an epic poem that depicted Rome's past as a heroic age
Roman historian who wrote monumental history of Rome, glorified early Romans, and sought to raise patriotism and traditional values
Roman historian who condemned tyranny of Augustus and Julio-Claudian emperors; wrote "Germania"
Pax Romana
period of "Roman Peace" that lasted from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D.
had the power of veto
First Citizen; cast first vote in Senate
could remove unworthy men from the Senate
supreme military commander
governor of all Roman provinces
Permanent Edict
modernization of all law codes created by Hadrian
written by Marcus Aurelius on his military campaign and express his determination to rule well
Ius Civile
system of civil law in Roman society that applied to all Roman citizens
Ius Gentium
"law of nations" in Roman society that was used for international law and dealt with non-citizens
Roman stadium used for gladiator fights that held 50,000 people
Circus Maximus
Roman stadium that had 250,000 seats and was used for chariot races
Appian Way
road built in 4th century B.C. that connected Rome and southern Italy
famous dome that was rebuilt by Hadrian in 128 A.D.
bridge like structures that brought fresh water to cities
Lingua Franca
term used in reference to the common language
imperial title given in honor of Octavian