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74 terms

Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole

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abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o
fat
anter/o
front
bol/o
to cut (throw)
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o
color
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o
skull
cyt/o
cell
dist/o
far, distant
dors/o
back portion of the body
hist/o
tissue
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o
groin
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
lumb/o
lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/i
pelvis
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
sacr/o
sacrum
sarc/o
flesh
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
thorac/o
chest
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o
navel, umbilicus
ventr/o
belly side of the body
vertebr/o
vertebra(e)
viscer/o
internal organs
ana-
up
cata-
down
epi-
above
hypo-
below
inter-
between
meta
change
-eal
pertaining to
-iac
pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to
-ism
pertaining to
-ose
pertaining to, full of
-plasm
formation
-somes
bodies
-type
picture, classification
digestive
mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, (small and large), liver, gallbladder, pancreas
urinary or excretory
kidneys, ureters (tubes from the kidneys to the urinary bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from the bladder to the outside of the body)
respiratory
nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes, lungs (where the exchange of gases takes place)
reproductive
Female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), vagina, mammary glands. Males: testes, and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland
endocrine
thyroid gland (in the neck), pituitary gland (at the base of the brain), sex glands (ovaries and testes), adrenal glands, pancreas (islets of Langerhans), parathyroid glands
nervous
brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collections of nerves
circulatory
heart, blood vessels, (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland
musculoskeletal
muscles, bones, and joints
skin and sense organs
skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous (oil) glands; eye, ear, nose, and tongue
crainial
brain, pituitary, gland
thoracic
lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta
pleural cavity
space surrounding each lung. A double-folded membrane, or pleura, lines the pleural cavity. If the pleura becomes infllamed (as in pleuritis or pleurisy), the pleural cavity can fill with fluid.
mediastinum
centrally located area outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lumph nodes
Abdominal
stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder. The diaphragm (a muscular wall) divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities
peritoneum
the double folded mambrane surrounding the abdominal cavity. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated behing (retroperitoneal area) the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone
pelvic
portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters; uterus and vagina in the female
spinal
nerves of the spinal cord
hydrochondriac region
upper right and left region below (hypo) the cartilage
epigastric
region above the stomach
lumbar region
middle right and left region near the waist
umbilical region
region of the navel or umbilicus
inguinal region
lower right and left region near the groin (inguin/o= groin), which is the area where the legs join the trunk of the body. This region, on right and left, is also known as the iliac region because it is near the ilium, which is the upper portion of the hip bone
hypogastric
lower middle region below the umbilical region
RUQ
right upper quadrant-contains the liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
LUQ
left upper quadrant-contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
RLQ
right lower quadrant-contains parts of the small and large intestines, right overy, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
LLQ
left lower quadrant-contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter