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Chapter 11 - Biological Science, 4th Ed. (Freeman)

Chapter 11 Vocabulary for "Biological Science, 4th Edition" by Freeman. University of Pittsburgh (Main Campus) edition
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Cell Division
Division of pre-existing cells
Meiosis
Cell division which leads to the production of gametes
Mitosis
Production of somatic cells
Somatic Cells
"Body-belonging" cells, non-sexual cells
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm (and its organelles)
chromatid
Name for each DNA copy of a replicated chromosome
Centromere
Specialized region of chromosome where sister chromatids are conjoined
G1, S, G2, M, Cytokinesis
Phases of the Cell Cycle (X, Y, Z, ...)
Histones
Globular proteins which DNA encoil themselves around
Chromatin
Eukaryotic Chromosomes encompassed with histones create the chromosomal structure know as...
Spindle Apparatus
Mechanism(s) responsible for segregating DNA during anaphase
Kinetochore Microtubules
Molecular motor responsible for seperating sister chromatids in anaphase
nonkinetochore microtubules
Responsible for elongation of the cell
Cell plate
Noticeable division between plant cells after cytokinesis
cleavage furrow
Noticeable division between animal cells after cytokinesis
Kinetochores
The structure on sister where kinetochore microtubules attach
Centrioles
Cylindrical structures that comprise microtubules inside animal cells