Terms in this set (46)
(1607) first permanent English settlement in North America. Majority died from starvation, disease, and Indian attacks.
House of Burgesses
the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt a similar model
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
A separatist group that left England in the early 1600's to escape persecution.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Model of Christian Charity
famous sermon given by John Winthrop during the voyage across the Atlantic, telling his followers that they were going to found "A city on a hill"
"City Upon a Hill"
A phrase that is associated with John Winthrop's sermon; given in 1630. Winthrop warned the Puritan colonists of New England who were to found the Massachusetts Bay Colony that their new community would be a "city upon a hill," watched by the world.
Massachusetts General Court
the colonial legislature that had the authority to make laws and elect new officers, as well as settle religious situations
An annual meeting held in the spring in many New England towns, at which the townspeople come together to elect a board of selectmen and to discuss local policy questions. It has become a symbol of participatory democracy.
A dissenter who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south
Anne Hutchinson's heretical belief that the truly saved need not obey human or divine law
1649 Act that was passed in Maryland. It granted all Christians religious freedom (specifically designed to protect a minority of Catholics).
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
William Penn's term for the government of Pennsylvania, which was supposed to serve everyone and provide freedom for all.
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
4-5 years of servitude to a master in return for housing, board and a passage to America. At the end of their time they were supposed to receive benefits: clothes, tools, land etc. but generally weren't given anything.
A farmer in the backcountry, his resentment of Berkeley and the unbalanced power of the Virginia government, lead to a rebellion, by him and other backcountry farmers. When Berkeley refused to let Bacon and other farmers fight nearby Indians, he went into Jamestown, with his own militia, burned most of the city, and drove Berkeley out of town.
attempt by Puritan church to restore church membership; offered baptism to children but without full church membership
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
This is where the Salem Witch Trials took place. A group of girls started this panic when they started screaming and acting possessed during a church service, pointing fingers at a free black slave that put a curse on them. This started the many accusations.
German immigrant that helped overthrow the Dominion governor. He assumed the office of governor of New York without King's permission and controlled province with help from the militia. When the King appointed a new governor, ------ hesitated to give up his authority, so he was tried with treason and hung.
John Peter Zenger
A New York editor whose trial for seditious libel backfired on the government; the jury found that truth was a defense for libel.
A group of Scots-Irish from the outskirts of Philadelphia, protested the Quakers' leniency toward the Indians. Their actions sparked the Regulator Movement in North Carolina
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
Established in 1587. Called the Lost Colony. It was financed by Sir Walter Raleigh, and its leader in the New World was John White. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them.
A joint-stock company chartered in 1606 and was responsible for founding the first permanent English settlement in America; Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.
original tribes in the area surrounding Jamestown, gave the settlers food, taught them the ways of the forests and introduced new crops (corn and yams), constantly warring with the settlers
Colonies controlled by the British king through governors appointed by him and through the king's veto power over colonial laws.
Church of England
joint stock company
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
(1630-1642) Migration of 70,000 refugees from England to the North American colonies, primarily New England and the Caribbean. The 20,000 migrants who came to massachusetts largely shared a common sense of purpose--to establish a model Christian settlement in the New World.
belief that your soul was determined to be damned or saved regardless of your actions during your lifetime
Puritan women who believed in antinomianism
belief that individuals who were saved did not need to follow earthly laws
Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to settle Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power
An often difficult period of adjustment to new climates, disease environments, and work routines, such as that experienced by settlers newly arrived in the Americas.
Nominal taxes collected by the crown in crown colonies, or by the proprietor(s) of proprietary colonies.
South Carolina Negro Act of 1740
stricter slave codes enacted as a result of slave rebellions
English leader who founded the colony of Georgia as a place where debtors from England could begin new lives
Prominent among early clergy in the Bay Colony. Emigrated to avoid persecution for criticizing the Church of England. Enforced religious rules
Dominion of New England
1686 - The British government combined the colonies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut into a single province headed by a royal governor (Andros). The Dominion ended in 1692, when the colonists revolted and drove out Governor Andros.
An uprising of slaves in South Carolina in 1739, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws. The largest slave uprising in the colonies.
Hector St. John de Crevecoueur
French, arrived 1759 and wandered around America, published Letters From An American Farmer. Defined the "American" as being equal, said wealth spread fairly equally, no one person ruling. Appreciated growing own food and home manufacturing
leader of the salem witch trials in which 18 people were hanged as witches. Afterwards, most of the people involved admitted that the trials and executions had been a terrible mistake.