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51 terms

facial massage

massage techniques, procedures for facials
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10-15 minutes
how long is a facial massage during a facial?
weaken elastin fibers and break down elasticity
Too much pressure during facial massages can
Insertion to origin
the direction of a massage movement is often from the muscles
synchronized using equal pressure on both sides
During massage both left and right hand should be
face, neck, shoulders and decollete
Esthetician's massage services are limited to what areas of the body?
Effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement and vibration
Classic swedish massage movements
Effleurage
Light, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers (digital) or the palms (palmar) in a slow, rhythmic manner.
Effleurage
most important of five movements, technique often used to begin and end most massage sessions
Shiatsu
Effleurage used in conjunction with a massage technique from Japan in which points of stimulation are pressed to effect the circulation of fluids and ki(life force energy).
Petrissage
Picking up, wringing, kneading, open C/closed C, alternating thumb, squeezing, lifting, skin rolling (lifting tissue away from underlying structures) Used after effleurage with light but firm pressure and rhysthmic
stimulate sebum production
activate sluggish skin
Relieves congestion
Reduces swelling
Digestive disorders
Muscle shortening
Spastic paralysis
Fatigue

Stretches muscle fibers and stimulates muscle tone, broadens fibers
Breaks up adhesions
Increased circulation and waste elimination
Moves interstitial fluid
Slow-relaxes nervous system
Fast-stimulates NS
Increases glandular activity of skin
Increases peristalsis when done over abdomen
Affects proprioception
fleshier parts of face, shoulders, back and arms
petrissage is preformed on
Fulling
Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.
Friction
Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure. Stimulates circulation and glandular activity of the skin
face and neck
lighter circular friction movements are used on
scalp, arm and hands
circular friction movements are used on
Chucking, rolling and wringing
Variations of friction movements used mainly on arms and legs
chucking
Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.
rolling
A friction massage using rapid back-and-forth movement with the hands. The intention is to warm and relax the tissue. It encourages deep muscle relaxation.
wringing
Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arm or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion aganist the bones in the opposite direction.
Tapotement
most stimulating massage movement consisting of short, quick tapping, slapping and hacking movements also known as percussion
toning and is beneficial to sluggish skin
Tapotment is good for
piano movement
fingertips are brought down against the skin in rapid succession
slapping and hacking
what style of tapotment movements are used on back, shoulders and arms?
slapping
tapotment movement: light firm and rapid strokes. one hand follows the other, with each stroke lift flesh slightly
Hacking
Chopping movement performed with the edges of the wrists and hands in massage. both wrists and fingers move in fast, light firm flexible motions against skin in alternate succession
vibration
In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part
technician uses body and shoulders with rapid muscular contractions in arms while fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application
how are vibration movements accomplished?
A highly stimulating movement to be used sparingly and never more then a few seconds in any one spot
to what extent should vibration movements be used?
Tapotement
What movement is the most stimulating and should be applied carefully and with discretion?
Dr. Jacquet movement
beneficial for oily skin; it helps move sebum out of the follicles and up to the skins surface by kneading
Following the desincrustation step that prepares skin for extractions
When should the Dr. Jacquet movement be performed?
gather a small section of skin between thumb and forefinger and squeeze gently
How does one help to empty oil ducts?
downward in area of beard growth
In what direction are facial massages for male clients?
acupressure
therapeutic technique of applying digital pressure in a specified way on designated points on the body to relieve pain, produce analgesia, or regulate a body function.
pressure point massage
on each acupressure point, movement is repeated 3 to 6 times, pause 3 to 6 seconds on each point
aromatherapy
The controlled use of essential OILS, which happen to be highly fragranced for specific outcomes. Derived solely from plant matter. It is believed when essential oils are inhaled they can influence a person's well being. These compounds pass into the bloodstream, then into the nervous system, where they act upon the brain's limbic system. Phrase coined by french chemist Rene-Maurice Gattefosse after a chemical explosion burned his hand and he applied lavender oil. His hand healed so well a french surgeon Jean Valnet published The Practice of Aromatherapy in 1964. Margaret Maury championed the use with massage, and Micheline Arcier worked w/both Valnet & Maury to create the aromatherapy used today.
MLD
Superficial massage the is gentle and encourages drainage.
Mild stretching to skin
May take multiple sessions a week for 2-8 weeks.
1. gentle manual treatment
2. reroutes lymph flow around blocked vessels into centrally located healthy lymph vessels
3. PROXIMAL to DISTAL
4. areas closest to venous angles are treated first
reflexology
similar to acupressure. Practioner applies pressure to points on the feet and hands to treat a wide range of stress-related illnesses. Very stimulating for the entire body
chin, decollete or forehead
where can massage begin?
3 to 6 time
how many times should massage movements be repeated
even tempo or rhythmic movement
promotes relaxation
feather off and replace with feather-like movements
should it be necessary to lift the hands from the clients face:
gently make contact on the side of the face or top of the head
how do you avoid startling the client when coming back to the face?
Towards the body in order to move blood flow toward the heart
In which direction should you massage extremities?
massage
the most relaxing part of a facial, has many benefits
anatomy of the facial structure, nerves and muscles
appropriate massage movements are based on
continue clensing process, help remove dead surface cells, and stimulate skin to help increase blood circulation
main purpose of cleansing massage
cleansing massage
deep-penetrating creams should not be used in this massage
Downward motion
All massage movements on the side of the neck are done with a
Always slide gently upward in the center of the neck and circle out and then down on the sides
How is the neck massaged
high blood pressure, heart conditions, cancer, open lesions, acne, other disorders of the skin, rosacea, severe couperose conditions, erythema, sunburn, sensitive, deeply peeled skin, contagious diseases,
massage contraindications