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Principles of Government: Similarities between the Texas Constitution and the U.S. Constitution

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Republicanism
a belief that government should be based on the consent of the people; people exercise their power by voting for political representatives
Limited Government
the principle that requires all U.S. citizens, including government leaders, to obey the law
Checks and Balances
the ability of each branch of government to exercise checks, or controls, over the other branches
Federalism
a system of government where power is shared among the central (or federal) government and the states
Separation of Powers
the division of basic government roles into branches
Popular Sovereignty
a government in which the people rule; a system in which the residents vote to decide an issue
Individual Rights
a personal liberty and privilege guaranteed to U.S. citizens by the Bill of Rights
executive branch
branch of government that enforces, or carries out, the laws
legislative branch
branch of government that makes the laws
judicial branch
branch of government in which courts decide legal cases and interpret laws
amendment
a change made to a law, bill, or document
constitution
the basic principles and laws of a nation or state that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people