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Practice Quiz 5
Terms in this set (33)
is used describe
The beliefs and attitudes that people have about issues.
Variables such as income, education, race, gender, and ethnicity
Help explain differences of political opinion in America.
Today, the term ____________ refers to an ideology that supports social and political reform, greater economic equality, and expansion of government social services.
The process by which Americans learn political beliefs and values is called
Which of the following is not an agent of socialization?
When men and women respond differently to issues of public policy, this difference is an example of
the gender gap.
The fact that the public is inattentive to politics and must frequently rely on informational shortcuts has which of the following effects on American democracy?
Weakens it by making it easier for various institutions and political actors to manipulate the political process.
Which of the following are the most important external influences on how political opinions are formed in the marketplace of ideas?
The government, private groups, and the news media.
Which of following is the term used in public-opinion polling to denote the small group representing the opinions of the whole population?
A push poll is a poll is which
The question's are designed to shape the respondent's opinion rather than measure the respondent's opinion.
A familiar polling problem is the "bandwagon effect," which occurs when
Polling results influence people to support the candidate marked as the probable victor in a campaign.
Agents of Socialization
Social institutions, including families and schools, that help to shape individuals' basic political beliefs and values.
Attitude (or opinion)
A specific preference on a particular issue.
A shift in electoral support to the candidate whom public-opinion polls report as the front-runner.
Today this term refers to those who generally support the social and economic status quo and are suspicious of efforts to introduce new political formulae and economic arrangements; conservatives believe that a large and powerful government poses a threat to citizens' freedom.
A system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually though the election of key public officials.
Equality of Opportunity
A widely shared American ideal that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth the have to reach their fullest potential.
A distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the differences in views between women and men.
Today this term refers to those who generally support social and political reform; governmental intervention in the economy and more economic equality; the expansion of federal social services; and greater concern for consumers and the environment.
Freedom from governmental control.
Market Place Of Ideas
The public forum in which beliefs and ideas are exchanged and compete.
A cohesive set of beliefs that forms a general philosophy about the role of government.
The induction of individuals into the political culture; learning the underlying beliefs and values on which the political system is based.
Citizens' attitudes about political issues, leaders, institutions, and events.
Scientific instruments for measuring public opinion.
A polling technique in which the questions are designed to shape the respondent's opinion.
Random Digit Dialing
A polling method in which respondents are selected at random from a list of 10-digit telephone numbers, with every effort made to avoid bias in the construction of the sample.
A small group selected by researchers to represent the most important characteristics of an entire population.
Sampling Error (or margin of error)
Polling error that arises based on the small size of the sample.
Selection Bias (surveys)
Polling error that arises when the sample is not representative of the population being studied, which creates errors in over-representing or under representing some opinions.
Simple Random Sample (or probability sample)
A method used by pollsters to select a representative sample in which every individual in the population has an equal probability of being selected as a respondent.
Social Desirability Effect
The fact that results when respondents in a survey report what they expect the interviewer wishes to hear rather than what they believe.
Values (or beliefs)
Basic principles that shape a person's opinions about political issues and events.
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