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Bacterial Zoonose: Tularemia, Brucelloses, Bartonellas
Terms in this set (8)
DOES NOT COMMUNICATE FROM PERSON TO PERSON. Facultative intracellular pathogen. Occurs in US in summer (ticks) and in winter (rabits). Is a REPORTABLE DISEASE. Has potential as a BIO-WARFARE AGENT: small inoculum. Transmitted to human via animal contact, vector bite, AEROSOL, INGESTION WITH FOOD OR ANIMAL BITE. Requires special staining techniques for demonstration from smears. Is a biohazard. Measurement of serum agglutination titer is a safe alternative
ULCEROGLANDULAR DISEASE: animal contact or bite of vector (tick or deer fly). Skin penetration with entry/survival into macrophages. Lymphatic involvement results in lymphadenopathy. Abscesses and granulate development.
GLANDULAR DISEASE: lymphadenopathy without obvious entry site. INHALATION OF AEROSOLS can occur after systemic spread. Lymphadenopathy accompanied by lung manifestations. Has a high mortality rate.
Brucellosis abortus: cattle
Brucellosis canis: dog
Brucellosis suis: swing
Brucellosis melitensis: goats and sheep
REPORTABLE DISEAE. Gram-negative aerobic coccobacillus. Worldwide distribution. INGESTION OF NON-PASTEURIZED MILK PRODUCTS.
Mnemonic: Bruce Bruce while hitting it, drank non-pasteurized milk
Also can get it from animal or laboratory contact. Lymphatic spread. Facultative intracellular pathogens of epithelial cells and mononuclear phagocytes. Multiplication in the RES. Avoidance of contact with reservoir hosts and pasteurization of milk products.
NOT REPORTABLE. Small gram-negative bacillus. FAcultative intracellular pathogen
From various animals via sandfly vector.
Mnemonic: Sand fly at BAy.
Biphasic disease in humans. Oroya fever follows RBC penetration. Fragility of the RBCs results in clearance by RES cellos. A rapidly worsening anemia. Chronic disease known as verruga occurs with nodule formulation. Nodules are hemangiomatous. SOUTH AMERICA. ATHROPOD BORNE. RBC.
From humans via body louse vector
Mnemonic: QUINce is when lose virginity, and get louse.
BACILLARY ANGIOMATOSIS->however more likely in henselae
Mnemonic: the cats chased the hens away.
Causes CAT-SCRATCH DISEASE AND BACILLARY ANGIOMATOSIS (MORE LIKELY THAN QUINTANA)***
Cat is colonized (no diseae); human is infected. Local manifestations: early papule is red and later becomes purple. Regional lymphadenopathy: one node (mild case), nodes in regional chains (severe case). Node suppuration. Systemic disease: relatively rare. Is a proliferative disease of small blood vessels of the skin and viscera.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Infections of the Nervous System
Spirochetes: Borrelia and Leptospira
Viral Skin Diseases
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