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CNA Exam 1
loss of mental bilities, such as thinking, rembering, reasoning and communicating.
50 to 90
Percent of Dementia
Is vital for elderly to live outside of a facility.
Lack of outside support given to residents.
Reason to treat "whole person"
A course of action that should be taken every time a certain situation occurs.
must remain confidential.
Basic policy includes that healthcare information...
HIPAA, care plan, no non-job description tasks done, report events to RN, personal problems not discussed with resident, no gifts, on time
Policy's include all of the following
Are done to make sure long-term care facilities follow state and federal regulations.
9 to 15 months
Inspections are done every...
To find a problem through a survey.
Study how well staff care for residents.
F or N
Tags by surveyors
Independent non-profit organization that evaluates and accredits healthcare organizations.
Joint commission (JCAHO)
Improve safety and quality of care.
Undergo survey process every 3 years.
transferring authority to a person for a specific task.
Charting writing down important information about the resident
care plan, observations, report, following policies and procedures.
entering the feeling of others.
sharing the feelings and difficulty of others
always trying your best. dependable Make and keep commitments.
set minimum standards for nursing assistant training.
Omnibus budget reconciliation act (OBRA)
NA must complete how many hours of training?
detailed form with guidelines for assessing residents.
Minimum data set (MDS)
Facilities must complete the MDS for every resident within how many days?
MDS for each patient must be reviewed after how many months?
assigned by law as the legal advocate for residents.
group of residents who meet to discuss issues in the long term facility.
protects healthcare information by congress.
Heath insurance and accountability act (HIPPA)
law that says a persons health information must be kept private.
Protected health information (PHI)
relate to how residents must be treated while living in a facility.
Best care available with dignity, choice and independence.
Quality of life
Receive correct care, as healthy as possible.
Services and activities to maintain a high level of wellness
Residents must be told what care and services are avilible.
The right to be fully informed about rights and services
Residents have the right to participate in thier treatment, care and discharge.
The right to participate in their own care
Process by which a person with the help of a doctor makes informed decisions about his or her health care.
Choices about doctors, care, treatments and personal decisions.
The right to make independent choices
Privacy when care is given
The right to privacy and confidentially
Residents must be treated with respect and dignity by caregivers.
Right to dignity, respect and freedom
Possessions must be safe at all times
The right to security of possessions
location changes must be made safely and with the residents knowledge.
Rights during transfers and discharges
Residents have the right to complain.
The right to complain
Right to have visits from family and friends.
The right of visits
The care faculty must provide residents with access to social services.
Rights with regard to social services
actions to act or provide the proper care.
Person is injured due to professional misconduct.
Not an option it's the law
Reporting abuse is
People who are legally required to report suspected abuse.
process of exchanging
sender, receiver and feedback
Three step communication
system of learned behaviors
Face them, speak slowly and clearly.
Resident does not hear you or understand.
Be patient and take time to listen
Resident is difficult to understand
Phrases that are used over and again but don't mean anything.
based on what you see hear touch or smell
something you cannot or did not observe, but is based on what the resident has said which may or may not be true.
When a resident skin is pale or blue.
Accident during the course of care.
Identify name and facility. If needed place on hold ask if OK. Write messages down, with name number and short message. Say thanks and goodbye.
Loss of function or ability.
Stroke; caused when blood is cut to the brain.
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
Paralysis on one side of the body
Weakness on one side of the body
Inability to speak or speak clearly.
Inability to understand spoken or written words.
Laughing or crying inappropriately.
measures practiced in healthcare to prevent and control the spread of disease.
in the bloodstream and is spread throughout the body. (fever chills confusion)
confided to a specific location in the body and has local symptoms. (hot red painful)
Infections that patients acquire within healthcare settings that result from treatment for other conditions.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs)
free from microorganisms, not just pathogens. (sterile technique)
disease transmitted from human to human
(Links:Causative agents, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host)
Chain of infection
Causes diseases bacteria, fungi and protozoa
place where pathogen grows, lungs blood and large intestine
any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to leave, nose mouth, eyes or cut.
portal of exit
Pathogen travels from one person to another. (Indirect or direct)
mode of transmission
Any body opening on an uninfected person that allows pathogens to enter.
portal of entry
Government agency that issues information to protect the health of individuals and communities.
Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)
Standard Precautions and Transmission-based (or Isolation, precautions)
Two tiers for Centers for disease control and prevention (CDC)
Treat body fluid's as if infectious
Equipment to protect you from hazards. (Gown gloves mask)
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
A must have for employers designed to eliminate employee exposurer to infectious material.
Exposure control plan
(methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus) Illness caused by hospitals
spores in feces
5 seconds at 140 F
Temp and time for serious burns
Organs and tissues do not receive enough blood supply.
30 compressions 2 breaths with 5 cycles
Hypo: cold clammy trembling nervousness
Hypoglycemia vs Hyper
Too little insulin
Diabetic Ketocidosis (DKA)
mini stroke, lack of oxygen to brain.
Transient ischemic attack
The science of designing equipment and work tasks to suit the worker's abilities.
Belt to help walk
slow irregular respiration's
latin for stiffness of death
OBRA minimum level of training hours
ANNUAL OBRA minimum level of training hours as well a continuing education
How many hours do patients need to be shifted?
Mandated reporters send report in how many days
1.Smile 2.Raise arms 3.Speak a simple sentance
Shortness of breath initials
Confused and anxious due to lack of oxygen
Shortness of breath causes people to feel?
Long-term MDS how many days
2 years 48 hours
In-service when should you renew license?
Always record what you...
Physical, safety, love, esteem, actualization
Maslow list of needs
Written polices available for patient rights. These may only be denied by a doctor's order and the law.
Pull pin, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep
Remove resident, Activate alarm, Contain fire, Extinguish