In religious studies, the word "myth" means
a story that is meaningful and may be either historically true or not.
The orientation that stresses contact with the sacred by proper belief and by adherence to moral rules.
Religions that emphasize a creation and a history that is limited and unrepeatable conceive time as
Religions that believe the universe simply moves through endless changes that often repeat themselves conceive time as
This common approach to religion stresses following reason rather than religious authority and tries to fit answers into a systematic whole.
To believe that nature is full of spirits implies that
human beings must treat all things with care.
The modern Indian who used nonviolent means to help lead India to independence in 1947 was
The Hindu elephant-headed god who symbolizes abundance and is considered the "remover of obstacles" is
The Hindu belief that everything living goes through cycles, where it loses one form and is reborn into another is called
Hinduism as formulated in the Upanishads
encourages meditation to understand the essence of reality.
What are the 4 stages of life?
Student (brahmacharin), householder (grihastha), retiree (vanaprastha), renunciate (Sannyasin:wandering holy man).
What are the 4 basic sacred (books of Hinduism) text collections that constitute the Vedas?
1. Rig Veda 2. Yajur Veda 3. Sama Veda 4. Atharva Veda.
List the 5 main social classes in the caste system.
The priest (Brahmin)counselor, The warrior - noble (kshatriya) protecting society,The merchant (vaishya)land owner "twice-born", The peasant (shudra)servants " once-born" , The untouchable (dalit) dirty work cleaning toilets
What does "yoga" mean and why is it important in Hinduism?
Yoga mean "union" suggest roads to perfection, they are also called margas (paths)
List the 3 gods in the Trimurti & describe each.
1.Brahma God of creation.
2.Vishnu a god associated with preservation and love.
3.Shiva a god associated with destruction and rebirth or destroyer.
What animal represents the god Ganesha? What does this god symbolize?
The elephant-headed god Ganesha, son of Shiva, is believed to help devotees overcome obstacles. People often pause before depictions of Ganesha to ask for success.
What animal receives special veneration in Hinduism?
the cow is special veneration in Hinduism. It serves as a symbol of purity, motherhood and ahimsa (non-violence).
Who was Mohandas Gandhi?
An Indian lawyer by trade, that advocated non-violence led salt and passive resistance in many ways. MLK Jr. used him has a model for advocating the Civil Rights Movement. Gandhi helped rid the caste system and the dowry system. He believed that the presence of God was in all human beings. He also believed that discrimination was evil. Gandhi was assassinated in 1948.
Why are Hindus vegetarians?
Hindus believe that all living things have souls, and the law of Karma reincarnation, they believe they can be an animal in their next life. so almost all Hindus are vegetarians. A vegetarian does not eat meat. which means they will not eat any animal products, including eggs and cheese. Other Hindus will eat poultry and fish, but will not eat beef. And cows are particularly sacred to Hindus.
Explain the concept of "gods" within indigenous religions.
God who is superior to all other deities and is considered to be wise, ancient, and benevolent.
An animal (or image of an animal) that is considered to be related by blood to a family or clan and is its guardian or symbol.
A foretelling of the future or a look into the past; a discovery of the unknown by magical means
Three basic orientations in their conceptions and location of the sacred:
Sacramental, prophetic, and mystical.