100 terms

Popular phrasal verbs

Popular phrasal verbs with pictures
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be off
to be cancelled (an event/arrangement etc.)
usually used in the present tense
be off
to have gone bad (food)
be over
to be finished
be taken aback
to be surprised and confused (used in the passive)
beat up
to hurt someone badly by hitting and punching
blow up
to destroy (something or someone) by explosion; to explode
blow up
to fill with air; to inflate
(a balloon / a tyre / a football etc. )
break down
to stop working (machinery)
break down
to lose control emotionally or mentally
break into
to enter somewhere (e.g. a house) illegally, especially by force
break off
to end; to interrupt; to discontinue
(talks / negotiations / an engagement / a relationship / an agreement etc.)
break out
to start, usually suddenly
(unpleasant things e.g. wars, epidemics, fires, violence etc.)
break up
to end; to separate
(a marriage / a family / a relationship etc.)
bring up
to take care of a child until it is fully grown and able to care for itself; to train and prepare a child for adult life
brush up (on)
to improve your knowledge, skill, or memory of (something you used to know, or do, but have now partly forgotten)
burn down
to destroy by burning (usually buildings)
call off
to cancel something; to abandon something that has already begun
(an event / an arrangement / an activity etc.)
often used in the passive
calm down
to become less excited and tense; to help someone (or a difficult situation) to become less excited and tense
carry out
to fulfil or perform (something)
(instructions / a duty / an order / a threat / a test etc.)
catch on
to become popular
check in
to report one's arrival (at a hotel, an airport etc.)
cheer up
to become happier
come across
to find or meet by chance
come up with
to think of; to produce
(an idea / a plan / a suggestion etc.)
cut down on
to reduce in size or amount
(smoking / cigarettes / drinking / spending / production etc.)
cut off
to disconnect, interrupt or discontinue something or someone
die out
to disappear completely; to become extinct
do up
to repair; to improve the condition and appearance of something
(a house / a room / a flat / an old car etc.)
do up
to fasten; to button; to zip; to tie
(a shoelace / a zip / a dress / a coat etc.)
drop in (on)
to pay a short visit, often without warning
drop off
to stop a vehicle and let someone get out; to take something (or someone) to a place and leave it there
drop off
to fall asleep (often unintentionally)
drop out
to withdraw from, or stop taking part in
(a competition, a social group, a school, a university, a job etc.)
fall out
to quarrel; to have an argument
fill in
to complete (a form / questionnaire etc)
find out
to make an effort to discover or get to know (something)
(the truth / a secret / an address / the time)
get away
to escape
get away with
to do something wrong or illegal without being punished
(usually without even being discovered or caught)
get over
to recover from (something)
(an illness / a failure / a difficulty / a shock etc.)
get round
to solve or avoid a problem or difficulty
get round
to persuade someone to do/ let you do what you want
get through
to finish; to complete
(some work / a task / a book etc.)
give in
to stop resisting; to surrender
give out
to give (something) to each person in a group of people; to distribute
(books / examination papers / pills etc.)
give up
to surrender oneself (usually to someone)
give up
to stop trying to do something (often because it is too difficult)
give up
to stop doing or having (something)
(smoking / drinking / a job etc.)
go off
to explode or fire; to ring suddenly (alarm/ alarm clock)
go through
to examine (something)
go with
to match or suit (something)
grow up
to develop from a child into an adult
hold on
to wait (especially on the telephone)
hold up
to stop; to delay
usually used in the passive
hold up
to rob, especially using a weapon (e.g. a gun).
(a person / a bank / a vehicle etc.)
lay off
to stop employing (a worker), often for a short time, because there is not enough work
let down
to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or an agreement)
let off
to excuse (someone) from (a punishment, a duty, or doing something)
let out
to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place); to release
look after
to take care of someone or something
look back
to remember and think about the past
look down on
to think that someone (or something) is inferior, low or worthless; to disapprove of (someone or something)
look for
to try to find (something or someone), often a thing or person that is lost
look forward to
to think with pleasure about a future event that you expect to enjoy
look into
to investigate; to carefully examine a situation or event and try to discover the reasons for it
look over
to examine (someone or something) carefully and fully
(some work / a car / a house / a document / a suggestion / an applicant etc.)
look round
to visit and tour round a place
(a house / a shop / a town / a factory / an exhibition etc.)
look up
to find (or try to find) something (e.g. a telephone number)
look up to
to respect (someone); to admire (someone)
make up
to become friends again after a quarrel
make up
to invent, sometimes with the purpose of deception
(a story / a poem / an excuse / an explanation etc.)
make up for
to compensate for something (a mistake / doing or not doing something, etc.)
own up
to tell (someone) that you have done something wrong or that you are at fault
pass away
to die
pick up
to give someone a ride in a vehicle; to collect someone or something (sometimes in a vehicle)
point out
to draw attention to something or someone
put forward
to offer (a proposal / a plan etc.) for consideration
put off
to delay doing something until a later date; to delay an event or arrangement until a later date
put off
to discourage, or distract (someone) from doing something
put on
to dress oneself
put out
to extinguish
(a cigarette / a light / a fire etc.)
put up with
to suffer (a difficult situation or person) without complaining
run into
to meet by chance
run out of
to use all of (something) and have no more left
(coffee / sugar / money / patience / time etc.)
see off
to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at the place (e.g. airport, station etc.) where the journey begins
set off
to start a journey
take after
to look or be like an older relative
take down
to record in writing
(a statement / a telephone number / some information etc.)
take in
to deceive (someone); to cheat (someone)
often used in the passive
take off
to rise from the ground (an aeroplane)
take off
to remove anything that is worn on the body (especially clothes)
take over
to assume responsibility for, or control of, (something or a situation) from someone else
take up
to begin to study, practise, or do (something)
(a hobby / a sport / a habit etc.)
tell off
to speak angrily to someone who has done something wrong; to find fault with someone
think over
to consider (something) carefully
(a problem / a proposal / a situation etc.)
try on
to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks
(a hat / a new pair of shoes / a dress etc.)
turn down
to refuse or reject (something or someone)
(a request / an offer / an application etc.)
turn into
to change; to become
wear out
to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use; to become unusable after excessive use
wear out
to tire greatly; to exhaust
often used in the passive
work out
to solve a problem by calculation or study; to produce a way of dealing with a problem or situation by thinking
(a sum / a problem / a plan / a method etc.)