history- ch 23

Old Regime
the social & political system of France in 1700s- people of France were divided into 3 large estates
3 large social classes before the French Revolution - 1st: Church and clergy
2nd: nobles
3rd: peasants
an assembly of representatives from all 3 estates
National Assembly
a French congress created by 3rd Estate on June 17, 1789
Tennis Court Oath
when the 3rd estate rewrote a new constitution, the pledge made at a tennis court
Great Fear
a wave of senseless panic in France after the storming of the Bastille
Legislative Assembly
This body had the power to create laws and to approve or reject declarations of war, but king still had executive power to enforce laws
Parisian workers and small shopkeepers who wanted the Revolution to bring changes in France
A radical political organization, where people who were involved in governmental changes in September 1792
a machine that beheaded people who were considered " bad"
Reign of Terror
the time period when Robespierre ruled as a dictator
coup d'etat
"blow to the state" - a sudden seizure of power
vote of the people
an agreement Napoleon signed with Pope Pius VII
Napoleonic Code
napoleon's uniform set of laws
Battle of Trafalgar
Lost by Napoleon and ensured that British navy was more superior and look for other ways to destroy Britain
a forcible closing of ports - prevent all trade and communication between one country and others
Continental System
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Britain and continental Europe; intended to destroy Britain
Spanish peasant fighters who fought in either large or small groups and ambushed French armies
Peninsular War
a conflict where Spanish rebels, with help of Britain, fought to drive French out of Spanish territories
scorched-earth policy
involved burning grain fields and killing livestock so enemies won't have anything to eat
Battle of Waterloo
The last battle for Napoleon; Britain and Prussian army fight French - on June 18, 1815
Hundred Days
the amount of days Napoleon was in power after his return from his exile in Elba
Congress of Vienna
a congress set up to achieve the goal of a one collective security and stability on the whole continent
balance of powers
no country can over power another
agreement that as many rulers who were driven from their powers by Napoleon would be restored back to their thrones
Holy Alliance
a league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Prussia, and Austria after the Congress of Vienna.
Concert of Europe
ensured that nations would help each other of revolution broke out