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43 terms

Art 101 Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
chiaroscuro
an artistic technique in which subtle gradations of value create the illusion of rounded three-dimensional forms in space
hatching
fine parallel lines drawn or engraved to represent shading
cross hatching
intersecting sets of parallel lines used to shade a drawing
volume
the mass or bulk of a three-dimensional work; the amount of space such a work contains
organic shapes
a shape characteristic of living things and thus appearing soft, curvilinear, and irregular.
impasto
application of a medium such as oil or acrylic paint so that an actual texture is built upon a surface
implied line
a lien that is completed by the viewer
content or meaning
all that is contained in a work of art
stippling
drawing or painting small dots or dabs to create shading or a dappled effect.
atmospheric perspective
an illusion of depth created through grades of texture and brightness, color saturation, and warm and cool colors
modeling
In two dimensional works of art, the creation of the illusion of depth through the use of light and shade.
realism
a style characterized by accurate and truthful portrayal or subject manner
amorphic shapes
shapes that have imprecise, soft or indefinite edges
shading
a slight variation of difference of color
balance
the distribution of the weight, mass ot other elements of a work of art so as to achieve harmony
local color
the hue of an object created by the colors its surface reflects under normal lighting conditions
tint
the lightness of a color as determined by the extent of its mixture with white
optical color
the perception of the color of an object, which may vary markedly according to atomospheric conditions
complementary color
one of a specific pair of colors (e.g. red and green) that most enhance, or exaggerate, one another by virtue of their simultaneous contrast
kinetic art
art that moves; such as the mobile
contrast
the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece so as to create visual interest, excitement and drama
tromp l' oeil
a painting or other art form that creates such a realistic image that the viewer may wonder whether it is real or an illusion (from French for "fool the eye")
overlapping
to lap over (something else or each other)
relative size
the size of an object or figure in relation to other objects or figures or the setting
emphasis
a design principle that focuses the viewers attention on one or more parts of a composition by accentuating certain shapes, intensifying value of color, featuring directional lines, or stragetically placing the objects and images.
focal point
a specific part of a work of art that seizes and holds the viewer's image
linear perspective
a system of orgnaizing space in two-dimensional media in which lines that are in reality parallel and horizontal are represented as converging diagonals
one-point perspective
lineal perspective in which a single vanishing point is placed on the horizon
vantage point
the actual or apparent spot from which a viewer observes an object or picture
warm colors
reds, oranges, and yellows that appear to be warm and to advance toward the viewer
cool colors
a color such as bluw, green, or violet that appears to be cool in temperature and tends to recede spatially behind warm colors
two-point perspective
linear perspective in which two ranishing points are placed on the horizon
shape
an area within a composition that has boundaries that seperate it from its surroundings
rhythm
the orderly repetition or progression on the visual elements in a work of art
figurative
art that represents the likeness of human and other figures
expressionistic
emphasizing the distortion of color and form to achieve an emotional impact
abstract
a form of art characterized by simplified (abstracted) or distorted rendering of an object that has the essential form or nature of that object
contour line
a perceived line that marks the edge of a figure as it curves back to space
geometric shapes
a shape that is regular, easy to measure, and easy to descibe, as distinguished from organic or biomorphic shape
scale
the relative size of an object compared to other objects, the setting or people
cartoon
originally, a prepatory drawing made for a fresco, usually on paper and drawn to scale
positive space
the space in the painting taken up by the subject
negative space
the space around and between the subject.