Terms in this set (114)

- Required Night Use: Your car headlights must be turned on 30 minutes after sunset until 30 minutes before sunrise
- Required Daylight / Inclement Weather Use:Also, your car headlights must be turned on: (1) At any time when daylight is not good enough for you to see persons or vehicles clearly at a distance of 200 ft ahead (2) When rain, mist, snow, or other precipitation requires constant use of windshield wipers.
- Using headlights when wipers are in use is not just a good safety precaution — it's Tennessee law!
- Headlights turned on during daylight hours will make your vehicle easier to see to oncoming vehicles and pedestrians.
- Use headlights when driving at dusk
- Dimming of Headlights Required: When your vehicle's high beam headlights are on, you must dim or lower the beam when an oncoming vehicle is within 500feet (approximately the distance of one city block) or when you are following another vehicle within 500ft
- Dimming headlights when following other vehicles is an important safety step
- The glare from your headlights in a rear view mirror can blind another driver including a motorcyclist
- Limited Use of Parking Lights or Auxiliary Fog Lights: The following procedures should be followed when using these types of lights:
(1) The law requires a vehicle stopped or parked on a road or shoulder to have parking lights on when limited visibility conditions exist
(2) Do not drive a vehicle with only the parking lights on when driving at night or in inclement weather. The small size of parking lights may cause other drivers to think your vehicle is farther away than it actually is. When there is limited visibility, the use of parking lights alone is not only unsafe, it is against the law
(3) It is also illegal to have auxiliary lights or fog lights on by themselves or on at times when you are required to dim high beam headlights. These very bright lights make it difficult for oncoming drivers to see, and the glare may reflect blindingly in the rear view mirror of vehicles you are following
- Daytime Running Lights: Some newer vehicles have headlights that are on anytime the vehicle is running. These lights make it easier for others to see the vehicle, even in daylight. This reduces the likelihood of collision
(1) You should apply your brakes slowly and evenly by applying gradual pressure. (2) Start braking early as a signal to the cars behind you.
(3) If you brake too strong or quickly, you could skid and lose control of your vehicle.
(4) A sudden stop makes it harder for drivers behind you to stop without hitting your vehicle.
* As a general rule for vehicles without anti-lock brakes, if the car starts to skid, take your foot off the brake and turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid; This is recommended, if you can do so without running off the road, hitting something, or steering into oncoming traffic.
• With a standard transmission, you can use the gearshift to slow down when approaching a stop sign or signal. First, flash the brake lights to signal any cars behind you. Then, shift down to a lower gear.
• Many of today's cars are equipped with 4 wheel anti-lock braking systems (ABS).
- A general overview of ABS braking procedures includes:
• When slowing or stopping, apply firm, steady pressure to the brake pedal. Never pump the pedal with ABS.
• Always brake and steer when using anti-lock brakes-With ABS, you "brake and steer." Push the brake pedal while steering around hazards and keep your foot firmly on the brake pedal until the car comes to a stop. Do not take your foot off the pedal or pump the brakes because that will disengage the anti-lock system.
• If you are braking to avoid an emergency or crash, gradually steer the car around any obstacles. ABS was designed to prevent vehicles from locking wheels and to allow drivers to steer when skidding.
• Expect noise and vibration in the brake pedal when your ABS is in use-- These sensations tell you ABS is working.
- There are some instances when drivers should be especially alert, including:
• When driving next to parked cars
• When approaching any type of intersection • When approaching traffic signals and crosswalks
• When driving in a school zone or residential area
• When seeing brake lights of other cars
• When driving in heavy, slow moving traffic
- Drivers should know the difference between "covering the brake" and "riding the brake." In situations listed above, "covering the brake" means the driver's foot needs to hover over the brake or between the brake and gas pedals for quicker response time.
- "Riding the brake" is keeping your foot resting or slightly pressed down on the brake
- This adds much wear and tear on the vehicle's brake system, and also gives other drivers the false impression that a stop is imminent. Covering the brake is often smart and a safe driving practice; Riding the brake is NOTa safe practice.
• Come to a full and complete stop at the stop sign or traffic signal. Often, a wide white stop line will be painted on the pavement in line with the sign. You must stop your vehicle behind this line.
• If no pavement markings are present, stop when the front of your vehicle is even with the stop sign's placement on the roadside.
• If you cannot see whether the intersection is clear of crossing traffic, edge up slowly until traffic is clearly visible from both directions.
• If the intersection where the stop sign/traffic signal is placed has a crosswalk for pedestrians marked on the pavement, you must stop before the front of your vehicle reaches the nearest white line marking the border of the crosswalk.
• If there are pedestrians in the crosswalk or about to enter the crosswalk, you must wait for them to cross before proceeding.
• Once the crosswalk is clear, you may slowly edge forward to check traffic before crossing the intersection or entering the roadway.
• When stopping behind another vehicle already stopped at the intersection, make sure you allow adequate "gap" space between the vehicles so you are not "tailgating."

- A basic rule of thumb is that you should be able to see the license plate and/or the other vehicle's back tire where it meets the pavement
- This "gap" provides a safety zone in the event that the other vehicle rolls back slightly or stalls. If the vehicle stalls, you would still be able to maneuver around it safely. The gap provides a way out in the event of an emergency, such as another vehicle approaching from behind so fast that you may need to move to avoid a rear-end collision.
• Once the vehicle in front of you has moved on through the intersection, you may move forward to the stop line. Remember, you still must bring your vehicle to a FULL STOP at the stop line.
• A complete stop is required at a flashing red traffic light, just as with a stop sign.
• After you have stopped, if there is no traffic from the right or left, you may proceed. When there is traffic on the crossroad (right to left) and/or oncoming traffic (heading toward you) from the other side of the intersection, you must follow the right-of-way procedures. (Right-of-Way rules are discussed in depth later in this chapter.)
• You must stop completely when directed to stop by a flag person at a road construction site or by a police officer directing you to stop in any situation.
Meeting A School Bus: Any driver meeting a school bus or church bus on which the red stop warning signal lights are flashing should reduce his speed and bring the vehicle to a complete stop while the bus stop signal arm is extended. The vehicle must remain stopped until the stop arm is pulled back and the bus resumes motion.
Overtaking A School Bus: Any driver approaching a school bus or church bus from the rear shall not pass the bus when red stop warning signal lights are flashing. The vehicle must come to a complete stop when the bus is stopped. The vehicle must remain stopped until the stop arm is pulled back and the bus resumes motion.
School Bus Warning Lights: It is illegal to pass a school bus that has stopped to load or unload students. Never pass on the right side of the bus, as this is where the children enter or exit. This is illegal and can have tragic results. You must stop and remain stopped until:
• The bus has started moving, OR • The driver motions for you to proceed, OR
• The visual signals are no longer activated such as the red flashing lights go off and/or the stop arm is pulled back.
- When a school bus is stopped at an intersection to load and unload children, drivers from ALL directions are required to stop until the bus resumes motion (as shown by the red vehicles in the diagram at right)
- It is a Class A misdemeanor and the driver can be fined between $250 and $1,000 for not stopping for a stopped school bus.
- When driving on a highway with separate roadways for traffic in opposite directions, divided by median space or a barrier not suitable for vehicular traffic, the driver need not stop, but should proceed with caution
- A turn lane in the middle of a four-lane highway is NOT considered a barrier, but a fifth lane that is suitable for vehicular traffic.
- Drivers meeting a stopped school bus on this type of road would be required to stop in both directions
1. The Left-Right-Left Rule: Look first to the left to make sure cross traffic is yielding the right-of-way. Then look for traffic from the right. If stopped, look both left and right just before you start moving. Look across the intersection before you start to move to make sure the path is clear through the intersection.
A. As you enter an intersection, check again for unusual or unexpected actions to the left and right.
B. It is also important to watch for vehicle traffic from the front (oncoming traffic) and rear (approaching/overtaking traffic) of your vehicle at intersections. Be especially aware of vehicles behind you. If the light changes and/or you encounter a vehicle violating the right-of-way that causes you to stop suddenly, will the vehicle behind be able to stop? It is not uncommon for drivers to run red lights or stop signs resulting in a head-on or rear-end collision.
C. Look twice for motorcycles, bicycles and pedestrians.

2. Control Speed: Be prepared to brake or stop unexpectedly at intersections if the above traffic checks alert you to a possible hazard. You should slow down beforereaching the intersection, drive at your slowest speed just before entering the intersection and gradually increase your speed as you cross the intersection.

3.Use Proper Lane: You should be in the proper lane for the direction you intend to travel before you reach the intersection. Do NOT make last minute lane changes as you start through an intersection. Do NOT pass a vehicle in an intersection.

4.Know and obey:
• The proper right-of-way procedures for vehicles and pedestrians at intersections;
• The purpose and meaning of pavement markings;
• The purpose and meaning of traffic signals, including stop or yield signs posted at intersections;
• The proper lane usage and speed at intersections;
• The proper use of your vehicle's turn signals.

5.Do Not Block: Do not move into an intersection and block it after the traffic lights have changed. This is not only common sense, but it's also illegal to block an intersection after the light has changed. Some intersections have signs posted nearby (often hanging next to the traffic light) advising "Do Not Block Intersection." It is always illegal to block an intersection, whether it is marked or not.
1.Yield to pedestrians crossing the road or your path of travel:
• Pedestrian means any person afoot or using a motorized or non-motorized wheelchair.
• When pedestrians are in a crosswalk (marked or unmarked) or when the pedestrian is upon the half of the roadway upon which your vehicle is traveling or when the pedestrian is approaching so closely from the opposite half of the roadway as to be in danger;
• When in a marked school zone when a warning flasher or flashers are in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall stop to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian crossing the roadway within a marked or unmarked crosswalk. The driver shall remain stopped until the pedestrian has crossed the roadway on which the vehicle is stopped.
• When your car is turning a corner and pedestrians are crossing with the light;
• When your vehicle crosses a sidewalk while entering or exiting a driveway, alley or parking lot. It is illegal to drive on a sidewalk except to cross it;
• When a blind or visually impaired pedestrian using a guide dog or carrying a cane, which is white in color or white with red tip, or a hearing impaired person with a dog on a blaze orange leash, is crossing any portion of the roadway, even if not at an intersection or crosswalk. Take special precautions as may be necessary to avoid accident or injury to the pedestrian. Stop at least 10feet away until the person is off the roadway. Do not use your horn, as it could startle the blind pedestrian;
• You must yield to children playing in the streets. In crowded downtown areas and in suburban residential neighborhoods, children play in the streets because there may not be parks or playgrounds nearby. Even though they have been told not to run into the street, children won't always put safety ahead of a runaway puppy or a bouncing ball. Children on bicycles can easily forget to slow down before entering an intersection or to signal and look behind before they turn. You are responsible for driving with extreme caution when children are present. Slow down near schools, playgrounds, and residential areas.
3.Yielding at Intersections: The right-of-way should be determined by each driver before entering an intersection. If you have the right-of-way and another driver yields it to you, proceed immediately. However, YOU must yield the right of-way:
• When oncoming vehicles (including bicycles) are proceeding straight or making a right turn;
• At intersections where YIELD signs are posted, the driver must slow down or stop to avoid a crash with oncoming traffic;
• To any vehicles already in the intersection, even if you have the green traffic light; (The red vehicle in the diagram at right must yield to the green vehicle.) • At "T" intersections where one road dead-ends into another main crossing roadway, the vehicles on the road ending must yield to oncoming traffic from both directions on the main road; • When turning left at intersections, you must yield to any oncoming vehicle proceeding straight or turning right, unless you have a traffic light where your left turn is on a protected green arrow; (The red vehicle in the diagram to the right must yield.)
• At intersections marked as FOUR-WAY or ALL-WAY stops, the vehicle reaching the intersection first gets to go first (of course, ALL vehicles must stop). If more than one vehicle arrives at the same time, yield the right of way to the vehicle on the right;
• Where roads cross and there are no stop signs or signals, yield to any vehicle coming at the same time on your right;
• Do not enter an intersection unless you can get through it without having to stop. You should wait until traffic in front of you clears so that you are not blocking the intersection. If your vehicle is left blocking an intersection (with or without a traffic signal), it prevents other traffic from proceeding and you could be ticketed
* It is against the law to follow a fire truck or other emergency vehicle responding to a fire alarm or other emergency.
- It is also illegal to take your vehicle within the block of where the emergency vehicle has stopped to take care of the emergency. If your car passes an emergency site, do not drive over any unprotected fire department hose unless the fire department official in command says it is okay.

*Tennessee law requires that when an emergency vehicle is approaching, all traffic meeting or being overtaken must yield the right-of-way and immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to the right hand edge or curb of the roadway stop.
- You must remain in that stopped position until the emergency vehicle has passed or until you are directed to move by a police officer. You must still proceed with caution; there may be other emergency vehicles coming.

- There are a few other important details about sharing the road with emergency vehicles:
• If you are in an intersection, drive on through the intersection before pulling over, or you may block the emergency vehicle's path through the intersection.
• Do not pull over to the right if it will block a side road or driveway. The emergency vehicle may need to turn into that road or driveway to get to the incident scene.
• If the traffic light is red, stay where you are. If the light turns green before the emergency vehicle has passed, do NOT proceed on green. Wait until the emergency vehicle has passed or turned onto a different street.
• When yielding to emergency vehicles, get in the habit of turning down the volume on the radio (if on) so you can hear any instructions or directions given out over the emergency vehicle's loudspeaker. Your immediate reaction to such directions may be critically needed.
- You must yield the right-of-way to any transit vehicle (metro bus) that has signaled and is pulling back onto the roadway from a bus stop. Generally, this occurs on urban roadways in areas marked by "bus stop" signs or benches. Occasionally, you may encounter cross-country commercial buses signaling to re-enter traffic after allowing passengers to disembark on rural roadways in smaller communities and towns.
A. You are not required to stop for, nor forbidden to pass, transit buses when they are stopped for passenger pick-up or drop-off as you would be for a school bus in the same situation.
B. Be extremely cautious near stopped buses and be watchful for passengers (including elderly individuals and children) attempting to cross the road in these areas.
• Don't turn unless the turn is permitted and can be made safely. Be aware of signs prohibiting right or left turns at certain locations.
• Don't try to turn from the wrong lane. If you aren't in the proper lane, drive to the next intersection and make the turn from the proper lane there. Circle back if necessary. This may take some extra time and miles, but it is the safe thing to do.
• Don't "swing wide" or "cut the corner" when making turns. Don't turn too short so as to cut corners on left turns or run over the curb on right turns. Turning too wide or too late, straddling lanes, or turning into the wrong side of the street will leave you in the wrong lane. Always follow the white lines in intersections using multiple turn lanes.
• Don't turn your wheels in the direction of the turn while waiting for oncoming traffic to pass. If you are hit from the rear while your wheels are turned, the impact can push you into oncoming traffic. Keep your vehicles wheels straight until you begin the turn. Wait until you are sure you can complete the turn before turning the wheels.
• Don't enter the intersection if traffic ahead may keep you from completing the turn before the traffic light changes. Stay behind the stop line or crosswalk until you can fully complete the turn without the risk of blocking the traffic flow.
• Don't brake or depress the clutch while actually turning.
• Don't shift gears in the intersection (If you stall you could cause an accident and/or block the intersection to other traffic).
• Reduce speed and get into the lane just to the right of the center line well ahead of time.
• Prior to turning, signal your intentions for at least 50 feet and approach the turn with the left side of the vehicle as close to the center line as possible. Failure to signal is dangerous, inconsiderate and illegal. Your signal makes it possible for other cars to complete a turn.
• Look out of your left window for pedestrians and other traffic in your turn path. Yield to any oncoming cars or pedestrians. • Begin the turn when you enter the intersection. Keep the wheels straight until you can turn; turn just before the imaginary center point in the intersection. Drive just to the right of the center line of the street you're entering and be sure to turn into the first lane past the center line. This avoids conflict with other traffic making either right or left turns. Never turn "wide" into the right lane. The right lane will be used by any oncoming vehicles turning right.
• If the intersection has a lane signed or marked for making left turns, do not make this turn from any other lane. At some intersections, you may make turns from more than one lane. Signs and pavement markings will tell you if this is allowed. If there are multiple lanes, keep your vehicle in the lane you start from throughout the turn. Be alert for signs that may also PROHIBIT left turns at some intersections.
• Pay close attention to the traffic light cycle. If the light turns yellow while you are waiting for oncoming vehicles to clear the intersection, DO NOT proceed into the intersection.
- A roundabout is an intersection control device with traffic circulating around a central island.
- These traffic circles are usually used to discourage drivers from using neighborhood streets for commuting thoroughfares, to slow speeds and to reduce accidents.
- Many Tennessee towns have a form of roundabout that is known as the "town square."

• Always travel around a roundabout to the right, in a counter-clockwise direction.
• On approaching the roundabout, stay in your lane and to the right of the splitter island or yellow pavement markings/curbs directing traffic to the right. These islands are used to prevent vehicles from attempting to travel left around the circle.
• Upon reaching the roundabout, yield to vehicles already within the circulating traffic. Observe the standard rightof-way procedures as with regular intersections controlled by yield signs. Enter the roundabout when there is a gap in traffic and once inside do not stop unless directed to do so by signs, signals or a traffic officer. • Within the roundabout, proceed at a slower speed (usually posted at 15 to 25 m.p.h.). Exit the roundabout at any street or continue around again if you miss the street on which you wanted to turn.
• In a multi-lane roundabout, do not overtake or pass any vehicles. Remember the roundabout is a low speed traffic control device. Be prepared to yield to vehicles turning in front of you from the inside lane to exit the roundabout.
• Exit the roundabout carefully. Always indicate your exit using your right turn signal. Watch for pedestrians in or approaching the crosswalk on the street you are exiting and yield the right-of-way if necessary
Divided highways have two-way traffic, but the roads for each direction are divided by a median or barrier. Always use the road on the right when driving on a divided highway, such as an interstate, unless directed to do otherwise. Do not drive within, across or over any median strip or barrier separating these roadways. It is only allowed at an authorized crossover or intersection, or when you are officially directed to do so. (Yellow sign with squiggly arrow pointing up and a squiggly arrow pointing down with a shaded in U in the middle)
- On a divided four-lane highway, when using a designated crossover for a left turn (or a U-turn where permitted), treat the crossover/opening the same as a cross street by keeping to the right side of the crossover paved area

A .If a vehicle is already in the crossover waiting for traffic to clear, remain stopped in the left most lane of the four-lane highway with your turn signal on until the waiting vehicle has cleared the crossover.
B .DO NOT "swing" into the left side of the crossover or "bunch-up" behind the waiting car. This creates a dangerous situation for any vehicle attempting to use the crossover for a left turn coming from the opposite direction.
• It leaves your vehicle with its rear-end partially sticking out in the left traffic lane. In this position, approaching vehicles coming upon your car are less likely to notice your turn signal than if your vehicle was fully stopped in the left lane.
• It places your car on the wrong side of the road in the crossover and could cause a head-on collision with a vehicle attempting to turn left in the crossover from the opposite direction.

*Remember, such a crossover is PERMITTED ONLY at paved openings provided on four-lane highways. There are NO crossovers provided for traffic on interstates.

- Red reflectors always mean you are facing traffic the wrong way and could have a head-on collision.
These center lanes are reserved for vehicles making left turns in either direction from or into the roadway. These lanes cannot be used for passing and cannot be used for travel farther than 300 feet. On the pavement, left turn arrows for traffic in one direction alternate with left turn arrows for traffic coming from the other direction. These lanes are marked on each side by solid yellow and broken yellow lines. Enter the shared lane only when safe to do so.

- If a special lane has been provided for making left turns, do not make a left turn from any other lane.
- Enter the shared center turn lane just before you want to make the turn.
- If you enter too soon, you may interfere with another driver's use of the lane.
- Wait in the special lane until traffic clears enough to allow you to complete the desired left turn.
- Do NOT travel in the center turn lane to access a left turn lane at an intersection
- You may turn from a side street or driveway into a shared center turn lane, stop, and wait for traffic to clear before merging into traffic in the lane immediately to the right.
- Make sure the center turn lane is clear in both directions and then turn into the lane when it is safe.
- Be sure to give the proper signal while waiting to move into the right lane and also when moving out of the turn lane back into the right lane of traffic.
- If another vehicle is already in the turn lane coming from the other direction, you may NOT enter if it will interfere with the other vehicle's intended turn. - - When vehicles enter the turn lane from opposite directions, the first vehicle to enter the lane has the right-of-way.
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