spherical; like BBS or Dip-n-Dots
spiral and corkscrew
divides and forms 2 daughter cells
exchanges genetic (DNA) material between two cells
thick wall enclosing DNA; remains dormant, can tolerate heat, dryness, and lack of nutrients
harmful bacteria capable of causing infections in plants and animals
structure used by protists for movement; produces movement in a wavelike motion
anchors the bacterium to a surface or other bacteria
moves from one cell to another
drugs that block the growth and reproduction of bacteria
a nonliving particle made of proteins, nucleic acids, and sometimes lipids
RNA virus that contains RNA as its genetic information
viruses that infect bacteria
short for "protein infectious particles"
protein coat surrounding a virus
a virus enters a bacterial cell, makes copies of itself, and causes the cell to burst
a host cell is not immediately taken over
bacteriophage DNA that becomes embedded in the bacterial host's DNA
a preparation of weakened or killed pathogens or inactivated toxins
any substance that triggers an immune response
animal that transports a pathogen to a human
protein that either attacks antigens direcly or produces antigen-binding proteins
overreaction of the immune system to an antigen
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