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870 terms

under 100 common turkish words

STUDY
PLAY
acaba
I wonder
acele
hurry; hastily
hungry, greedy
açı
open, bare, empty
ad
name, reputation
adam
person, human being
âdet
custom, habit
affetmek
to forgive, excuse
ağır
heavy, difficult
ait
concerning, relating to
ak
white, clean
akıl
reason, intelligence, mind
akıllı
wise, intelligent
akşam
evening
alışmak
to get used to, become familiar
allahaısmarladık (said by person leaving)
goodbye! (Reply is Güle Güle)
almak
to take, get, buy
an
moment, perception, boundary
anlamak
to understand, comprehend, find out
anlatmak
to explain, tell, show
araba
car
aralık
space, gap, interval
aramak
to look (for), search
arkadaş
friend
artık
left over, remnant, extra
arzu
wish, desire
avukat
lawyer
aynı
the same, identical
ayrı
separate, distinct, different
ayrılmak
to part, separate, split
az
small, little, few
azalmak
to become less, lessen, diminish
balık
fish
başarmak
to accomplish
başbakan
prime minister
başka
other, different
başlamak
to begin, start
batı
west, western
bavul
suitcase, trunk
bazan/bazen
sometimes
bazı
some, certain
beğenmek
to like, admire
beklemek
to wait
belki
perhaps
ben
me, ego
benzin
gasoline
berber
barber
beslemek
to feed, nourish
beş
five
bey
gentleman
beyaz
white
beyefendi
sir
bıçak
knife
bırakmak
to leave
biber
pepper
bildirmek
to tell, inform
bile
even, already
bilet
ticket
biletçi
ticket taker
bilgi
knowledge, information
bilmek
to know, be aware
bin
thousand
bina
building
binmek
to get upon, ride
bir
one
bira
beer
biraz
a little, some
birleşik
united
birlik
unity, union
bisiklet
bicycle
bitirmek
to finish, complete
bitmek
to be used up, end, be finished
biz
we
bluz/bulüz
blouse
boğaz
throat; straight; mountain pass
bol
plentiful, ample
borç
debt, loan
boş
empty, free
boy
height, stature, length
boyun
neck, cervix; responsibility
bozmak
to spoil, ruin, destroy
bozuk
broken
bozulmak
to go bad, become corrupt
bölge
region, zone
bölüm
portion, slice, chapter
börek
flaky pastry with filling
böyle
so, thus; such
bu
this
buçuk
half, (and a) half
bugün
today
bulmak
to find, discover
buluşmak
to meet
bulut
cloud
bulvar
boulevard
burada
here
burun
nose, beak, tip
buyurmak
to command
buz
ice, very cold
buzdolabı
refrigerator
büro
office
bütün
whole, total, unbroken
büyük
big, large
cadde
main road, thoroughfare
cami
mosque
can
soul, life, person, vigor
canlı
living, animate, living being, alive
ceket
jacket
cennet
paradise, heaven
cep
pocket
cevap
answer, reply
cins
sort, type, sex, gender, race, stock
çabuk
quick, fast, swift, quickly
çağırmak
to call, to invite, to shout
çalışkan
hard-working, diligent
çalışma
work, study
çalışmak
to work, study
çalmak
to steal; to play [an instrument]
çanta
bag, purse
çarpmak
to bump, hit, knock, run (into)
çarşamba
Wednesday
çarşı
shopping district, market quarter
çatal
fork, bifurcation
çay
tea
çekmek
to pull, haul, move (a car)
çeşit
kind, sort, variety, assortment
çevirmek
to turn, rotate; to refuse; to translate
çeyrek
a quarter, one fourth
çıkarmak
to take out, send out, expel, to publish
çıkmak
to go out, emerge, to graduate
çiçek
flower
çiftlik
farm
çikolata
chocolate
çirkin
ugly
çocuk
child
çok
many, much, very
çorap
stocking, nose, sock
çorba
soup
çünkü
because
da/de
too, also
dağ
mountain, brand
daha
more, than, yet, or
daima
always, forever
daire
circle; apartment
dakika
minute
daktilo
typewriting, typist
dans
dance, dancing
dar
narrow, tight
davet
invitation
dede
grandfather
defa
time, turn
defter
notebook
değer
price, worth, value
değil
not
değışik
different, varied, changed
değişmek
to change
delik
hole, opening
demek
to say
denemek
to test, examine
deniz
sea
derece
step, stair, degree
derhal
suddenly, immediately
derin
deep, profound
ders
lesson, lecture
dert
sorrow, sadness, pain
deva
remedy
devir
age, time
devlet
state, government, nation
deyim
saying, expression
dış
out, outer, outside
dışarı
outside
diğer
other
dikkat
care, attention
dikmek
plant, sew, stitch
dil
language, tongue
dilemek
to want, desire, to wish
dinlemek
to listen
diş
tooth
doğmak
to be born
doğru
correct, true
doğu
east
dolaşmak
to walk
dost
friend, lover
doymak
to be satisfied
dönmek
to go round, circle; to return
dönüş
return
duvar
wall
duygu
feeling, sense, perception
duymak
to hear
düğün
wedding feast
dükkân
shop, store
dün
yesterday
dünya
world, earth
düşmek
to fall
düşünmek
to think, worry
düz
smooth, level, flat
eczane
pharmacy, chemist
efendi
master, owner
eğer
if
eğlence
amusement, enjoyment
eğlenmek
to enjoy, to have a good time
ek
supplement; prefix, suffix
ekim
October; sowing, planting
ekmek
bread; to sow, to cultivate
eksik
lacking, less
ekşi
sour, tart
el
hand, power
elbette
certainly
elbise
dress, clothes
elektrik
electricity
elli
fifty
elma
apple
emekli
retired
emin
safe, secure, sure, certain
emir
order, command
en
width; hefty, huge; most
enerji
energy
erkek
man
erken
early
ertesi
the next, following
eser
work (of art); written
eski
old
spouse; husband, wife; one of a pair
eşya
furniture, things
et
meat
etek
skirt
etmek
to do, make
etraf
sides, surroundings
ev
house
evet
yes
evlenmek
to marry
evli
married
evvel
first, before
evvel/evvela
firstly
eylem
action, operation; verb
eylül
September
fabrika
factory
faiz
interest
fakat
but
fakir
poor, destitute
fakülte
department (at a university)
fark
difference, distinction
fayda
profit, advantage, use
fazla
excessive, extra
felâket
disaster
fena
bad
fırçalamak
to brush
fırın
oven, bakery, kiln
fiil
act
fikir
thought, idea, opinion
film/filim
film
fincan
cup
fiyat/fiat
price
fotoğraf
photograph
galiba
perhaps, probably
garson
waiter
gazete
newspaper
gazeteci
journalist; newspaper seller
gazino
cafe, casino
gece
night
geç
late
geçen
last, past
geçirmek
to fix, insert; to pass (time); to enter;
geçit
passage; mountain pass
geçmek
to pass, cross; to undergo; to spoil; to faint
gelecek
future; next
gelin
bride; daughter-in-law
gelişmek
to grow up; to develop, prosper
gelmek
to come
gemi
ship (n.)
genç
young
gene/yine
again; still, nevertheless
genellikle
generally
geniş
wide
gerçek
real, genuine; reality, truth; really
gerek
necessary; need
gerekmek
to be necessary
geri
backward, behind; slow (clock); to take/put back
getirmek
to bring, yield
gezmek
to stroll; to go out; to tour, visit
gibi
like, similar; nearly, somewhat
gidiş
departure; way of life, conduct
giriş
entrance; introduction
girmek
to enter; to join; to fit (into);
gişe
pay desk, ticket window
gitmek
to go; to lead; to suit; to leave; to disappear
giyinmek
to dress (o. s.)
giymek
to wear; to put on
göğüs
breast, chest
gök
sky, heavens
göl
lake
gömlek
skirt; slip; generation; degree, shade; (snake) skin
göndermek
to send
göre
according (to); considering
görev
duty; function
görmek
to see; to visit; to regard; to undergo; to perform
görüşmek
to meet, to have an interview; to discuss
göstermek
to show
götürmek
to take (away), to carry; to accompany; to lead
göz
eye
gözlük
eyeglasses
gram
gram
güç
difficult; difficulty
gül
rose
gülmek
to smile, to laugh
gün
day; period, time
günaydın
good morning/day
güneş
sun
güney
south, southern
günlük
daily; ... days old; for ... days; diary; usual
gürültü
noise
güzel
nice, beautiful, good
haber
news
hafta
week
hak
justice
hakikaten
in truth, truly
haklı
right, just
hal
condition; attitude; strength
halbuki
whereas, however
halı
carpet, rug
halk
people, folk, nation
hangi
which
hanım
lady, Mrs., Ms., Miss.
hanımefendi
lady, madam
hani
in fact, besides
hasta
sick
hastabakıcı
nurse's aide
hastane
hospital
hatırlamak
to remember, to remind
haydi
come on!
hem.. hem de..
both ... and
henüz
only, just; yet (negative sentence)
hep
all, the whole
her
every, each
herhalde
probably
herkes
everyone, everybody
hesap
account, bill
heyecan
excitement, enthusiasm
hırsız
thief
hiç
never, not at all
hoca
teacher
hoş kal
fine,
hükümet
government, administration
ısırmak
to bite
ısmarlamak
to order s.o., to have s.o made
ışık
light, any source of light
inside, interior, inner, domestic, kernel
içeri
inside, interior
için
for, because, so that
içki
drink, liquor
içmek
to drink
idare
administration, management, direction
ihtiyaç
need, necessity
ihtiyar
old, old person
iki
two
iktisadi
economic
ilaç/ilâç
medicine, drug
ilân
notice, advertisement
ile
with
ileri
front part, forward, ahead
ilginç
interesting
ilk
first, initial
ilkbahar
spring
imza
signature
imzalamak
to sign
inanmak (-a)
to believe, trust, have faith in
inmek
to get off (a bus, car, etc.)
insan
person
ise
however (after a noun)
isim
name
iskemle
chair, stool
istasyon
station
istek
wish, desire, request
istemek
to want
work
işçi
worker
işitmek
to hear
işte
here! here it is! look!
itmek
to push, shove
iyi
good
iyilik
goodness, favor, kindness
izin
permission
izlemek
to follow, pursue; watch
jeton
jeton, money token, ferry token
kabul
acceptance
kaç
how many ... ?
kaçmak
to escape
kadar
as ... as; approximately
kadın
woman
kahvaltı
breakfast
kahve
coffee; café
kahverengi
brown
kalabalık
crowd, crowded
kaldırmak
to raise, endure
kale
fortress
kalem
pencil, pen
kalın
thick
kalkmak
to get up, rise
kalmak
to remain, be left
kalorifer
central heating system
kan
blood
kanun
law
kapalı
closed, covered
kapamak
to close, shut
kapı
door, gate
kapıcı
doorkeeper
kar
snow
kara
black (figuratively)
karakol
police station
karanlık
dark
karar
decision
kardeş
sibling
karı
wife
karın
stomach, abdomen; womb
karışık
mixed, complex
karışmak
to mix, become confused
karşı
facing, opposite
karşılamak
to go to meet, to welcome
kaşık
spoon
kat
storey, floor
katı
hard, stiff
kavga
quarrel, fight
kavun
honeydew melon
kaybetmek
to lose
kaynak
spring, source, origin
kazan
large kettle
kazanç
gain, profit, benefit
kazanmak
to earn, win, get
kâğıt
paper, card
kâr
profit, benefit
kâtip
clerk, secretary
kebap
shish kebab
kedi
cat
kendi
oneself
kent
city
kere
time
kesmek
to cut, slice
keyif
pleasure in life; joy, doing what ever the hell you like
kırk
forty
kırmak
to break, crush, grind
kırmızı
red
kısa
short
kısım
part, portion, division
kış
winter
kıyı
shore, side, outskirts
kıyma
ground meat
kız
girl, daughter
kızıl
red; scarlet fever
kızmak
to anger
kibrit
match
kilim
rug
kilo
kilogram
kilometre
kilometer
kim
who, whoever
kimse
someone, anyone
kira
renting, leasing
kirli
dirty
kişi
person, human being
kitap
book
koca
husband, adult
kol
arm, sleeve, limb
kolay
easy, simple
koltuk
armchair
komşu
neighbor
konferans
lecture, conference
konser
concert
konsolos
consul (diplomat)
konuşmak
to talk, speak
korkmak
to fear, be afraid
koşmak
to run
koymak
to put, place
koyu
thick (liquid)
koyun
sheep
köfte
meat patty, meatball
kömür
coal, charcoal
köpek
dog
köprü
bridge
kör
blind, dull, dim
köşe
corner
kötü
bad
köy
village
köylü
peasant
kulak
ear; gill
kullanmak
to use, drive
kum
sand, gravel
kumaş
cloth, fabric
kurmak
to set up, assemble
kurtarmak
to save, rescue
kuruş
piaster
kuş
bird
kutlamak
to congratulate, celebrate
kutu
box, case, can
kuvvet
strength, power, force
kuzey
north
küçük,ufak
little, small//small
kütüphane
library
lamba
lamp
lâzım
necessary
limon
lemon
lira
lira
lise
(high) school
lokanta
restaurant
lütfen
please
lüzum
necessity, need
maalesef
unfortunately
madem
since, seeing that
maden
mine
mahalle
neighborhood, district
makina
machine
mal
goods, property
manav
greengrocer
manzara
scene, view
mart
March
masa
table
maşallah
Wonderful!
mavi
blue
mayıs
May
mâna
meaning, sense
meclis
assembly, council
mektep
school
mektup
letter
memleket
country, land
memnun
pleased, satisfied
memur
civil servant, official
mendil
handkerchief
merak
curiosity
merdiven
stairs, ladder
merhaba
hello
merkez
center, headquarters
mersi
thanks! cheers!
mesele
matter, problem
meslek
profession
meşgul
busy, preoccupied
meşhur
famous
metre
meter
mevsim
season
mevzu
topic, subject
meydan
open space
mutlaka
absolutely
mutlu
happy
mühim
important, significant
mümkün
possible
müze
museum
müzik
music
nasıl
how
ne
what
neden
why
nerede
where
nereli
where from
nereye
where to
niçin
why
nihayet
finally
nisan
April
niye
why
niyet
intention;
niyet etmek
to intend
normal
normal
not
note, mark
numara
number, size;
numara yapmak
to act, pretend
nutuk
speech, oration;
nutuk vermek
to make a speech
ocak
January
oda
room
odacı
janitor
odun
firewood
ofis
office
oğlan
boy
oğul
son
okul
school
okumak
read
olmak
to be; to happen
omuz
shoulder
on
ten
opera
opera
ordu
army
orman
forest
orta
middle
otel
hotel
oturmak
to sit; to reside
oynamak
to play
öbür
to other
ödemek
to pay
ödev
duty; homework
öğle
noon
öğrenci
student
öğrenmek
to learn
öğretim
instruction; education
öğretmek
to teach
öğretmen
teacher
ölçmek
to measure; to consider
ölçü
measurement
ölmek
to die
ölüm
death
ömür
life span; amusing
ön
front
önce
first; ago
önem
importance
önemli
important
öpmek
to kiss
öyle
like that, so
özel
private
özür
excuse; defect
pahalı
expensive
paket
packet, package
palto
man's coat
pansiyon
boarding house
pantalon
pants, trousers
para
money
parça
piece, bit, segment
park
park
parlak
bright, shining, successful
parmak
finger, toe,
pasaport
passport
pasta
pastry, dessert
pastane
pastry shop
patates
potato
patron
employer, head of a business
pazar
open market; Sunday
pazartesi
Monday
pek
very much; hard, firm
peki
very good
pembe
pink
pencere
window
perde
curtain, screen, veil
perşembe
Thursday
peynir
cheese
piknik
picnic
pilav
pilaf
pis
dirty, foul, obscene
pişirmek
to cook, to bake
pişmek
to be cooked, baked; to ripen, to mature
plaj
beach
polis
police, policeman
politika
politics, policy
portakal
orange
posta
post, postal service
postane
post office
profesör
professor
program
program
pul
stamp
radyo
radio
raf
shelf
rağmen (-a)
in spite (of)
rahat
comfortable
rakı
anise flavored alcoholic beverage
randevu
appointment, rendezvous
reçel
jam
renk
color
renkli
colored, colorful
resim
picture
resmı
official, formal
ressam
painter, artist
rica
request
rüzgâr
wind
saat
watch, clock, hour
sabah
morning
saç
hair
sade
mere, simple, pure
sağ
alive
sağlık
life, health
saha
space, field
sahi
sound, true, correct
sahip
owner
sakın
beware; objection
salon
hall, guest room, dining room
sanayi
industries
sandalye
chair
saniye
second, moment
sanki
supposing that
sanmak
to think
sarı
yellow; pale
satıcı
salesman
satın almak
to buy
satmak
to sell
savaş
struggle, fight, war
sayfa
page
saymak
to count
sebep
cause, reason, source
sebze
vegetable
seçmek
to choose, select
sefer
voyage
sekiz
eight
sekreter
secretary
seksen
eighty
selâm
greeting, salutation
sen
you
sene
year
serbest
free, independent
sergi
exhibition
serin
cool
sert
hard, violent
ses
sound, noise, voice
sevgili
beloved, dear
sevinç
joy, delight
sevinmek
to be pleased with
sevmek
to love, like
seyahat
journey, travelling
seyretmek
to see, to look on
sıcak
warm, hot, heat
sıfır
zero
sık
close together, dense
sıkmak
to press, squeeze
sınıf
class
sır
secret, mystery
sıra
row, turn, file
sigara/cıgara
cigarette
sinema
cinema
siyah
black
siz
you
soğan
onion
soğuk
cold, frigid
sohbet
conversation, chat
sokak
street
sol
left, left-hand
son
end, result, last
sonbahar
fall, autumn
sonra
afterwards
sormak
to ask
soru
question
sorun
problem
soyadı
family name, surname
söylemek
to say
söz
word, speech, rumour
sözlük
dictionary
spor
sport, games
su
water, fluid
şaşırmak
to be confused about
şey
thing
şikâyet
complaint
şimdi
now
şu
that, this
şüphe
doubt, suspicion
tabak
plate, dish
tabii
of course
tahsil
collection; study, education
tahta
blackboard; board, plank
takım
set; team
taksi
taxi
tam
complete, entire, perfect
tamam
OK; completion, end
tane
grain; piece;
tanımak
to know
tanışmak
to meet, make acquaintance
tanrı
god; God
taraf
side, direction
tarif
description; tariff
tarih
history
taş
stone
taşımak
to carry, transport, bear
taşınmak
to move (location), to be carried to
tatil
holiday, vacation
tatlı
sweet, drinkable
tavuk
hen
taze
fresh, new
tebrik
congratulation
tehlike
danger
tek
single, alone
teklif
proposal, offer
tekrar
repetition
tekrarlamak
to repeat
telefon
telephone
televizyon
television
telgraf
telegraph, telegram
tembel
lazy
temiz
clean, pure, honest
temizlemek
to clean
temmuz
July
temsil
representation
tepe
hill, summit
tercih
preference
terzi
tailor
teşekkür
thanks, giving thanks
tırnak
finger nail, toe nail;
ticaret
trade, commerce
tiyatro
theater
top
ball, anything round
toplamak
to collect, gather, tidy
toplantı
assembly, meeting
toprak
earth, soil, land
tramway
tram, streetcar
traş/tıraş
shaving
tren
train
tuhaf
uncommon, curious
turist
tourist
turistik
touristic
turuncu
orange (color)
tutmak
to hold; to catch, seize
tuvalet
toilet
tuz
salt
tuzlu
salted, salty
türlü
various
tütün
tobacco
ucuz
cheap
uçak
airplane
uçmak
to fly, to evaporate, disappear
ulus
people, nation
ummak,ümit
to hope, expect//hope, expectation
umumiyetle
usually, generally
unutmak
to forget
uyanmak
to awake, come to life
uyumak
to sleep
uzak,uzatmak
distant, remote//to extend, prolong
uzun
long
ülke
country
ünlü
famous
üst
top, upper surface
üye
member
üzere
at the point of, about to
üzülmek
to be worn out
üzüm
grape
valiz
suit-case
var//mak
there is, there are//to arrive, to reach
vatan
native country
ve
and
vermek
to give
veya
or
vurmak
to hit, kill, steal, swindle
ya.. ya da..
either ... or ...
yabancı
stranger, foreigner
yağ
oil, fat, grease
yağmur
rain (n.)
yahut
or
yakın
near (to)
yalan
lie, fabrication
yalnız
alone, lonely
yanlış
error
yapmak
to make; to build; to create
yardım
help
yarım
half (n.)
yarın
tomorrow
yasak
prohibition, ban, prohibited
yaş
damp, fresh
yaşamak
to live; to enjoy
yaşlı
old, elderly
yatak
bed
yavaş
slow; quiet
yaz
summer
yazı
writing
yazık
pity, shame
yazmak
to write
yemek
to eat; to spend (money)
yer
place; position
yeşil
green
yetişmek
to catch, make; to be in time for
yetmek
to be sufficient
yıkamak
to wash; to bathe
yıl
year
yine/gene
again, once more; still, even so
yiyecek
food
yoğurt
yogurt
yok
there is not.., there are not..
yoksa
or?; if not..? (used in questions)
yolcu
traveler; passenger
yolculuk
journey, trip
yollamak
to send
yorgun
tired
yönetici
manager, administrator
yukarı
upstairs; upper
yumurta
egg; testicle
yumuş
soft, tender, gentle
yüksek
high; lofty
yürümek
to work, to march, to move forward
yüz
one hundred; face; reason
yüzmek
to swim, to float
zahmet
trouble
zaman
time
zaten
anyway; besides
zengin
rich
zor
hard, trouble, worry, difficulty
beri
here