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Ch. 10, 11, 12 *FALL EXAM*
Terms in this set (32)
Jackson and supporters=corrupt bargain when they lost, between Adams and Clay
Whigs: Jackson's second term, opponents=Whigs (pretty much Anti-Masons), led by Clay, claimed he was "king" and had concentrated power bc of vetos, American System, liked protective tariff/national bank/federal aid, Democrats: Jackson's old party, wanted to get back to common man idea
Spoils system, Rotation in Office
public offices were awarded to political supporters, RIO: guard against insensitive bureaucrats who thought they held their position by right
Trail of Tears
Jackson pushed Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws to Oklahoma "voluntarily", 1/4 died on the way (disease/exhaustion), had to militarily force Cherokees to go
Calhoun's Theory of Nullification
addressed probz of how to protect rights of minority based on rule of majority
-Union=compact among states, ppl go to conventions= had right to nullify any law that exceeded the powers granted under Constitution= Congress could then either repeal law or propose constitutional amendment, if amendment ratified= state could accept decision or secede from Union as sovereign state
democrats controlled them, Jackson didn't fix charter=spread power=loans=land prices go up= Jackson hated the bank
"Log Cabin Campaign" (Election of 1840)
Whigs planning to win bc Democrats failed miserably earlier, log cabins= used to reinforce Harrison's image of a man of the ppl, ARISTOCRACY V. DEMOCRACY, final transition from deferential politics of Federalist
*How and why does Andrew Jackson come to be president?
2nd American hero
-Battle at NOLA proved his worth
-challenged Adam and Clay
-common man, new jobs=SPOILS SYSTEM
*How did Jackson "run things" differently as president?
more ppl could vote than ever before
-new states created
-need workers=pay, buy land=to live here
-common ma=get the voters riled up to vote
- don't have money=give them jobs
What circumstances led to the removal of the Cherokee people?
had to hold them at bayonet point to make them move out, Jackson wanted all the Indians out to give more land to buyer, land in Georgia
*What are the circumstances that led to the "Bank War"? Who wins? And what are the effects of this conflict?
Jackson v. Biddle, thought that national bank= too much power, made smaller banks
*What led to the emergence of the two new formulations of political parties: Whigs and Democrats? What did each group stand for? What kind of people supported each party?
Whigs were "for the people" and democrats were really an aristocracy
*In what ways were these political changes positive and in what ways were they negative
efficient movement of goods/rapid communication
-transportation/communications rev- steamboats/trains/canals
-national system of markets (rise of factories)
-emerges after the war of 1812 is over=self-sufficient
-diff because used to rely on international trade(cotton/timber/wheat/tobacco)
New Nationalism (Clay's American System)
nationalist eager to help econ
1) National Bank
3) Internal Improvements Fed $ for Infrastructure
Eli Whitney, cotton gin
green seed=not easy to separate
-Eli Whitney invented cotton gin=removed seed from lint
-South=getting money and lots of it
-crazy at the time=so long
-ingenuity (improved European tools)
-reduced costs of shipping
-cities along canal=thriving
-NYC=dominant of western trade and convinced other places that they needed canals
Interchangeable parts (American system of Manufacturing)
-Eli Whitney=contract to make muskets
-mass-produce parts that were INTERCHANGEABLE with other guns
-cloth=efficient use of machines
What changes happen in transportation? Why are these changes significant?
migration and trade is easier, they began to build canals to ship things at a faster speed/ can help better America's econ quicker
Life in America changes substantially in the first part of the 19th century. How does the nature of work (agricultural and industrial) change?
they both become much more prominent and more advanced (especially industry) to help the econ, technology (cotton gin, unions, protections, insurance, policies, rules)
***How does American society and its values change?
population growth, social/class mobility, western migration, labor movement, urbanization, change in the nature of work, crime and poverty, materialism = all about econ and finally becoming a nation under a real government
***Are these changes positive or negative? Explain
Positive because it is helping America have an identity and is nationalizing and unifying and becoming a force to be reckoned with, econ=power, people=power, government=power
Election of 1824
4 ppl for going as same party
-confusion of how the Repubs want to rep
-Jackson= war hero/ "regular guy"=wins
-John Quincy Adams= against Jackson
-issues with the Monroe Doctrine
-felt like there was a secret deal b/w JQA and Clay
Indian Removal Act
moved Indians W of Mississippi
-tried to separate whites and Indians bc hadn't been getting along
-Indians didn't like but knew they had no alternative
-Cherokee=more like white
Separate spheres, "cult of domesticity"
-basically enforces gender roles
-women are wives and soft and delicate and should stay home and not do work/angels of the home
-better than men
-men and women are in "separate spheres"
-men=rough and politics and business
-women start volunteering
Second Great Awakening
salvation by faith
-"perfection"=given the tools to have it
"Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints"
-Joseph Smith=hypnotic almost
-golden tablets=Book of Mormon
-reestablish forgotten church
Elizabeth Cady Stanton/Lucretia Mott=launched it
-about 100 supporters
-Declaration of Sentiments: "All men and women are created equal..."
-right to vote=not passed, disappointment mostly
How does the Second Great Awakening form the foundation of the reform movement?
many new revivals taking place, new inspiration, new curiosity=new religions and cults springing up everywhere=causes movements, causes people to think a lot about morals=SLAVERY
What are some of the important social reform movements that appear in this era? What do they hope to achieve?
New Harmony/Brook Farm, attempted a way to better conduct society and the beliefs in that time period
What are some of the differences of opinion within the abolition movement?
there were lot of people starting to come around in the North and realize that slavery was not right (social reforms/Second Great Awakening). People in the south were angry with the movement because they "needed" slaves for their economy and what not
From where does the women's rights movement emerge? What do these women really want?
Women identified with the slavery movement and wanted freedom sexism and the the expected roles that woman was supposed to play, wanted political rights, jobs, full education, marriage rights, SAME RIGHTS AS MEN
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ch. 6 and 7 *FALL EXAM*
Ch 8 & 9 *FALL EXAM*
Ch. 14, 15, and 16 *FALL EXAM*
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