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Chapter 3 AP Human Geography
Terms in this set (40)
Migration to a location
More general term covering all types of movements from one place to another
Migration from a location
A permanent move to a new location
The difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emmigrants
Consists of changes in a society comparable to those in the demographic transition
A permanent move from one country to another
Implies that the migrant chose to move, especially for economic improvement
Implies that the immigrant has been compelled to move, especially by political or environmental factors
A permanent move within the same country
The movement from one region of a country to another
The movement within one region
Net migration from urban to rural areas
A person who has been forced to migrate to another country to avoid effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, or violations of human rights.
Internally Displaced Person (IDP)
A person who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across the international border
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee
Induces people to move out of their present location
Induces people to move into a new location
An environment or political feature that hinders migration
The migration of people with a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Those who immigrate illegally and are entering without proper documentation and thus
Large-scale emigration by talented people
Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
The area subject to flooding during a given number of years, according to historical trends
A term once used for a worker who migrated to the developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of a higher-paying job
In reference to migration, laws that pass maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country last year
Where are Migrants Distributed?
On a global scale, the largest flows of migrants are from Asia to Europe and from Asia to Latin America to the United States. The United States receives by far the largest number of migrants
Difference between international and internal migration
Migration can be international (between countries, either voluntary or forced) or internal (within a country, either interregional or intraregional)
Three main eras of U.S immigration
The United States has had three main eras of immigration. The principle source of immigrants has shifted from Europe during the first two eras to Latin America and Asia during the third (current) era
Where do people Migrate within a country?
From rural to urban areas within developing countries and from cities to suburbs within developed countries
What is the history of interregional migration in the U.S.
Occurred from east to west. Interregional migration has also occurred from north to south recently.
interregional Migration in Russia
Has a distinctive pattern of interregional migration.
What is the interregional Migration in Canada, China, and Brazil?
Canadians have been migrating east to west, Chinese from the rural interior to large coastal cities, Brazilians from large coastal cities to the interior.
Three forms of intraregional migration
They are from rural to urban areas, urban to suburban areas, from urban to rural areas
Why do people migrate?
They migrate with a combination of push and pull factors, which could be political, environmental, and economic. (Most migrate because of environmental reasons)
What are the flows of migrant workers in Europe and Asia?
Migrate for temporary work, especially from developing countries to developed countries, where they take jobs that are not desired by local residents.
types of immigrants who are given preference to enter the United states.
United states gives preference to immigrants with family members already in the country and to those who have special job skills.
What are the population characteristics of unauthorized immigrants to the United States?
US has more than 11 million unauthorized immigrants, who are in the country without proper documents. Most have emigrated from Mexico.
What are characteristics of immigrants to the US?
In the past, most immigrants were males , but now an increasing share of immigrants to US are women and children.
Compare American and European attitudes toward immigrants
They have divided attitudes toward those arriving without proper documentation.
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