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24 terms

GEO101B - Intro

Midterm #1
STUDY
PLAY
Discourse
system of ideas and knowledge that serve as context for new facts and ideas
Longitude
lines on Earth's surface measured degrees, seconds, minutes, East and West of Prime Meridian.
Latitude
lines on Earth's surface measured in degrees, seconds, minutes, North and South of Equator
Cosmography
science that maps and describes Earth and the entire universe.
Chorography
regional mapping of large areas
Topography
regional mapping of local areas
Teleology
doctrine that states that God designed everything. Studies purposiveness, progress, class conflict
Portolan Charts
first separation of church and science for Europe; navigational maps based on compass directions and observations from sea
Mercator Projection
centered on Europe; good for navigation but heavily distorted
Empiricism
philosophy of science that is measured/factual/verifiable
Positivism
objective/factual; world exists separately from humans
Humanism
we cannot objectify world because we're too close to who we are; use intuition and interpretation; philosophy centered on such aspects of human life as value, quality, meaning
Marxism
human behaviour constrained by economy; generally interested in social and environmental issues; realization that research should lead to social change
Space
both objective and subjective views. Can be relations on the earth's surface or relative in that it's different for everyone.
Location
scale dependent; only objective
Place
our values associated with locations; topophilia vs topophobia
Tobler's 1st Law
distance: everything is related to everything else but near things are more related than distant things
Clustered random uniform
types of distance (3)
Spatial temporal social
types of scale (3)
Cartography
the conception, production, studying of maps
S-Shaped Curve
theoretical, created under experimental conditions; eventually reaches stable ceiling; too simplistic and doesn't take into account human experience
Malthusian Theory
empirical evidence used to reject prevailing economic ideas that more births equal more wealth; population growth will create strain on subsistence; population causes poverty
Marxist Theory
capitalism cause of poverty; concerned with surplus population;
Boserup Theory
subsidence farming; growing food you need to maximize leisure time; population independent from food supply; works in undeveloped nations but not in developed with technology