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Midterm #1


system of ideas and knowledge that serve as context for new facts and ideas


lines on Earth's surface measured degrees, seconds, minutes, East and West of Prime Meridian.


lines on Earth's surface measured in degrees, seconds, minutes, North and South of Equator


science that maps and describes Earth and the entire universe.


regional mapping of large areas


regional mapping of local areas


doctrine that states that God designed everything. Studies purposiveness, progress, class conflict

Portolan Charts

first separation of church and science for Europe; navigational maps based on compass directions and observations from sea

Mercator Projection

centered on Europe; good for navigation but heavily distorted


philosophy of science that is measured/factual/verifiable


objective/factual; world exists separately from humans


we cannot objectify world because we're too close to who we are; use intuition and interpretation; philosophy centered on such aspects of human life as value, quality, meaning


human behaviour constrained by economy; generally interested in social and environmental issues; realization that research should lead to social change


both objective and subjective views. Can be relations on the earth's surface or relative in that it's different for everyone.


scale dependent; only objective


our values associated with locations; topophilia vs topophobia

Tobler's 1st Law

distance: everything is related to everything else but near things are more related than distant things

Clustered random uniform

types of distance (3)

Spatial temporal social

types of scale (3)


the conception, production, studying of maps

S-Shaped Curve

theoretical, created under experimental conditions; eventually reaches stable ceiling; too simplistic and doesn't take into account human experience

Malthusian Theory

empirical evidence used to reject prevailing economic ideas that more births equal more wealth; population growth will create strain on subsistence; population causes poverty

Marxist Theory

capitalism cause of poverty; concerned with surplus population;

Boserup Theory

subsidence farming; growing food you need to maximize leisure time; population independent from food supply; works in undeveloped nations but not in developed with technology

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