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Chapter 1: Humans and the Microbial World
Developed a set of steps to determine the causes of disease.
-Bacteria, Archeae, and Eucarya
Living things without a nucleus.
Everything living with a nucleus.
List the FIVE kingdoms developed by WHITTAKER
-Split in half
Single celled organisms with a nucleus.
-Single or multicelled organisms
-Have a nucleus
-Cell walls made of CHITIN - "crunchy"
Single or mulitcelled plants that live in the water.
-Not a complete cell
-Can't grow on their own
-Have to invade cell
-Big or small
-Can or cannot infect
Tyndall and Cohn
-Discovered heat resistant forms of bacteria.
Microbes can be destroyed or blocked.
-Discovered first antibiotics (Penicillin)
Procedures that prevents contamination (sterile)
All cells come from pre-existing cells.
Strength of a microbe to cause a disease
-examined pond water
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
Organisms can arise from non-living material.
Germ Theory of Disease
-Microbes cause disease
-Disease causing microbes
-Idea of vaccination (small pox, cow pox)
Aseptic sterile techniques in medicine (Boiling instruments)
Natural substances that are produced by bacteria and fungi to kill other microbes
Living things too small to be seen without a microscope. (Germs, Microbes)
-Plant cells with microscopes
-Looked like jail cells