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27 terms

Chapter 1: Humans and the Microbial World

Microbiology
STUDY
PLAY
Koch
Developed a set of steps to determine the causes of disease.
Nomenclature
-Naming
-3 categories/domains
-Bacteria, Archeae, and Eucarya
Bacteria
Living things without a nucleus.
Archeae
-Unusual
-No nucleus
Eucarya
Everything living with a nucleus.
List the FIVE kingdoms developed by WHITTAKER
-Monera
-Protista
-Fungi
-Plants
-Animals
Monera
-No nucleus
-Split in half
-All bacteria
Protista
Single celled organisms with a nucleus.
Fungi
-Single or multicelled organisms
-Have a nucleus
-Cell walls made of CHITIN - "crunchy"
Algae
(Plants)
Single or mulitcelled plants that live in the water.
Viruses
-Acellular particles
-Not a complete cell
-Can't grow on their own
-Have to invade cell
-particles/agents
Helminthes
-Worms
-Big or small
-Can or cannot infect
Tyndall and Cohn
-Discovered heat resistant forms of bacteria.
-Endospores
Pastuer
Microbes can be destroyed or blocked.
Alexander Fleming
-Discovered first antibiotics (Penicillin)
Aseptic Techniques
Procedures that prevents contamination (sterile)
Virchow
All cells come from pre-existing cells.
Virulence
Strength of a microbe to cause a disease
Leeuwenhoek
-Discovered microbes.
-examined pond water
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
Organisms can arise from non-living material.
Germ Theory of Disease
-Microbes cause disease
-partly true
Pathogens
-Disease causing microbes
Jenner
-Idea of vaccination (small pox, cow pox)
Lister
Aseptic sterile techniques in medicine (Boiling instruments)
Antibiotics
Natural substances that are produced by bacteria and fungi to kill other microbes
MicroOrganisms
Living things too small to be seen without a microscope. (Germs, Microbes)
Robert Hooke
-Plant cells with microscopes
-Looked like jail cells