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39 terms

Chapter 5

Nutrition
STUDY
PLAY
Maltose
Which is not a common monosaccharide found in diet?
a. Fructose
b. Maltose
c.Galactose
d.glucose
fructose
Typically, candies, soft drinks, and jellies are high in....
Starch
The most abundant form of complex carbohydrates ingested should come from....
Cellulose
_____________ makes(s) the walls of plant cells strong and rigid.
5
Prior to being swallowed, approximately _____ % of starched in food are broken down in the mouth.
Lactose
Milk sugar is known as....
glucose
The primary fuel in the body is
Ketosis
A condition that interferes with the balance of acid and bases in the body, causing the blood to become too acidic, is called....
hyperglycemia
An abnormally high blood glucose level is called
Children of parents with type two diabetes
Which of the following is not a risk factor for type two diabetes?
a. Over the age of 45
b. overweight
c. Low DHL levels
d. children of parents with type two diabetes
hypoglycemia
Signs of ________ include nervousness, irritability, and headache
45-60
The AMDR for carbohydrates is________ % of daily kilocalories
calories from added sugars, alcohol,and higher-fat meat or milk calories
The discretionary allowance in the USDA Food Guide covers
Sugar Alcohol
___________ sweeteners are commonly found in sugar-free gum and mints.
maltose
Two glucose molecules joined together form
Sugar alcohols
Which of the following is not an artificial sweetener?
Portal vein
Once in the bloodstream, carbohydrates travel to the liver through the _________.
small intestine
Most carbohydrate digestion takes place in the
Liver
Which organ stores and releases glucose as needed to maintain blood sugar levels?
Neotame
Which of the following is an artificial sweetener similar to aspartame and does not require a warning label for people with PKU?
False
T/F Fructose, glucose, and galactose are good examples of disaccharides?
True
T/F Another name for table sugar is sucrose
False
T/F Legumes such as peas, lentils,and beans are low in starch but high in protein
True
T/F All types of plant foods contain fiber
False
T/F Large amounts of glycogen can be consumed through eating beef or chicken?
True
T/F chitin and chitosan are primarily consumed in supplements?
False
T/F If carbohydrates are unavailable, the body will burn proteins and vitamins for energy.
True
T/F Ketone bodies are chemicals that cannot be used for energy in the body
True
T/F Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and occurs when the cells do not produce enough insulin or cells ignore insulin
True
T/F Refining grain removes the outer husk, bran layers, and sometimes the inner germ of the grain kernel
True
T/F Sugar alcohols are also called polyols
True
T/F Molasses is a good example of a refined sweetener
True
T/F Splenda is a commonly recognized brand name for sucralose
False
T/F People who consume many complex carbohydrates have a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes
False
T/F A positive effect of consumption of sugar is that it kills harmful bacteria in the mouth
True
T/F Diets rich in complex carbohydrates can lower blood cholesterol levels by 20% or more.
False
T/F excess intake of dietary fiber can be harmful
True
T/F Both glucagon and insulin are hormones produced by the pancreas
True
T/F The hormone epinephrine is released in response to stress and raises blood glucose levels