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32 terms

Gabe's Ancient Greece Flashcards

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monarchy
An autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority.
isthmus
A relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas.
epic
A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds.
acropolis
A large hill in ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs.
agora
The marketplace in ancient Greece.
assembly
A public facility to meet for open discussion.
ephors
A group of 5 officials that helped govern Sparta with the Concil of Elders.
democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them.
demagogues
A bad leader.
tragedy
A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character.
comedy
Light and humorous drama with a happy ending.
lyric
A short poem of songlike quality.
poem
A type of literature in which ideas and feelings are expressed in creative ways that are meant to evoke emotion and often includes figurative language.
lyres
Small harp, string instrument.
alliance
A formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim.
helot
In the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land.
sanctuary
A consecrated place where sacred objects are kept.
architecture
The profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect.
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
polis
A self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. The polis comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
philosopher
Lover of, or searcher for, wisdom or knowledge; person who regulates his or her life by the light of reason.
fable
A short moral story (often with animal characters).
stoa
In ancient greek architecture, an open building with a roof supported by a row of columns parallel to the back wall.
oligarchy
A political system governed by a few people.
chiton
A woolen tunic worn by men and women in ancient Greece.
tyrant
In ancient Greece, a ruler who had seized power without legal right to it.
trireme
Ancient Greek or Roman galley or warship having three tiers of oars on each side.
phalanx
Formation of infantry carrying overlapping shields and long spears; group of men packed together (for attack or defense).
pedagogue
Someone who educates young people.
oracle
Someone or something that can predict the future.
barter
Exchange goods without involving money.
amphora
An ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck.