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A&P Ch 6: Bone markings and skull quiz -DR

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tuberosity (ex tibial tuberosity)
3
Large round projection; may be roughened

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
crest (ex iliac crest)
1

narrow ridge or bone; usually prominent

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
trochanter (the only examples are on the femur)
1

very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
line (ex intertrochanteric line of the femur)
2

narrow ridge of bone; less prominent that a crest

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
tubercle (ex adductor tubercle of the femur)
3

small rounded projection or process

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
epicondyle (ex medial epicondyle of the femur)
4

raised area on or above a condyle

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
spine (ex ischial spine of the ischium)
2

sharp, slender, often pointed projection

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
process (ex spinous process of the vertebra)
2

any bony prominence

(projections that are sites of muscle and ligament attachment)
Head ( ex head of a rib)
1

bony expansion carried on a narrow neck

(projection that help form joints)
facet (ex articular facet of rib)
2

smooth, nearly flat articular surface

(projection that help form joints)
condyle (ex condyle of the mandible)
1

rounded articular projection (fits in a joint or is where a bone joins another)

(projection that help form joints)
ramus (ex ramus of the mandible)
2

arm-like bar of bone

(projection that help form joints)
groove (ex groove of the ramus of the mandible)
4

furrow

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)
fissure (ex inferior orbital fissure)
1

narrow slit-like opening

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)
foramen (ex infraorbital foramen)
2

round or oval opening through a bone

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)
notch (ex supraorbital notch)
3

indentation at the edge of a structure

(depressions and openings for passage of blood vessels and nerves)
meatus (ex external auditory meatus)
1

canal-like passageway

(depressions and openings: other)
sinus (ex sinus in the frontal portion of skull)
bone cavity, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane

(depressions and openings: other)
fossa (ex medial cranial fossa)
2

shallow basinlike depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface.

(depressions and openings: other)
frontal
4-gold
occipital
3 brown
sphenoid
5 (pink)
ethmoid
6 orbit - orange
parietal
1 (pale red)
temporal
2 (orange)
coronal suture
between frontal and parietal bones
sagittal suture
2
mandible
4 (orange)
vomer
6 - blue inside nasal cavity
maxilla (2)
3 (lavender)
zygomatic (2)
2 (blue)
lacrimal (2)
1 (green)
nasal (2)
purple
inferior nasal concha (2)
5 - teal inside nasal cavity
lacrimal
1 - green
ethmoid
orange inside orbital cavity
nasal
2 - purple
zygomatic
3 - blue
maxilla
4 - lavender
volmer
2 - cyan