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Politics of the United States
Civics chapter 3
Terms in this set (45)
Articles of confederation
first constitution of the United States
Early state constitutions
a constitution for each of the states
a detailed written plan for government
brought the colonies together to win the American Revolution
Reasons for AOC (articles of confederation)
Americans feared a sting federal government, created a firm league of friendships, thought a smaller government would allow more freedoms and liberties
Laws passed by AOC
ordinance of 1785, northwest ordinance
Problems with the AOC
only one branch, lawmaking, no taxes, couldn't be amended.
Shay's Rebellion- uprising of farmers who did not want to lose their farms because of rising taxes.
Constitutional convention (who)
all delegates from the states
Constitutional convention (what)
a convention to set up a stronger central government
Constitutional convention (when)
Constitutional convention (where)
Why did George Washington preside over the Constitutional convention?
George Washington defeated Great Britain and people realized that he didn't want any personal gain but only worked for the interest of the country.
people who avoided the constitution
supported the constitution
What was James Madison's proposal at the CC?
The Virginia Plan
Issues that divided the delegates at the CC
power at the federal government, representation in congress, and slavery.
called for a new national government
New Jersey plan
each state would have one vote
2 house legislature, house based on population of the state, 2 senators per each state.
2 parts or houses
made each slave worth 3/5 of a vote in deciding numbers in House of Representatives
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president or vice president
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal/national government and the states
To vote or approve
Parts of the constitution
Preamble, 7 articles, 27 amendments
Branches of federal government and their purposes
Legislative Branch: lawmaking branch
Executive Branch: carries out laws
Judicial Branch: Interprets laws and makes sure they are fairly applied
Article I- Legislative branch
Article II- Executive branch
Article III- Judicial branch
Article IV- relations among states
Article V- Amendment process
How can we amend the Constitution? Which method has been used the most?
The Constitution can be amended by using one of the four methods.
1. Proposed by 2/3 vote in each house of Congress. Ratified by 3/4 of the state legislatures
2. Proposed by 2/3 vote in each house of Congress. Ratified by 3/4 of the states
3. Proposed by national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of the states. Ratified by conventions in 3/4 of the state legislatures
4. Proposed by national convention called Congress at the request of 2/3 of the states. Ratified by conventions in 3/4 of the states
Bill of Rights (Amendment #)
Civil War Amendments (Amendment #)
The Later Amendments (Amendment #)
basic legislation of congress, actions of the president, supreme court decision, activities of the political parties, custom
strong independent states with weak central government and one-house legislature with equal representation for each state
strong central government with certain powers reserved to states and two house legislature: House of Representatives (representation based on state population), Senate (equal representation for all states)
"We the people"
the people of the United States
to make sure that all citizens are treated equally
"insure domestic Tranquility"
to provide peace and order, keeping citizens and their property from harm
"Provide for the common defense"
to be ready military to protect the country and its citizens from attack
"Promote the general welfare"
to help people live healthy, happy, and prosperous lives
"Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our prosterity"
to guarantee the basic rights of all Americans, including future generations (prosterity)
"Do ordain and establish"
to formally establish. people made this document and give the country its power
Why did the Virginia Plan propose a new plan of government?
The Virginia Plan favored the larger states and would give them more representation because of their larger population. The Virginia Plan had a federal government that consisted of a president, courts, and a congress with two houses. State population would decide how many representatives were in each house.
Why did smaller states fear that the Virginia Plan might lead to their domination by the larger states?
Smaller states feared the Virginia Plan because the larger states would have more power and the smaller states feared that the larger states would ignore their interests.
What are the 6 basic principles underlying the US Constitution and what do they mean?
Popular Sovereignty- the idea that powers lie with the people
Limited Government- a government that can do only what the people allow it to do
Rule of Law- the principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Separation of Powers- the split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks and Balances- a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of others
Federalism- a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states.
Recommended textbook explanations
TEKS United States Government
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
United States Government: Our Democracy
Donald A. Ritchie, Richard C. Remy
Magruder's American Government
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