21 terms

ch.12 part 2


Terms in this set (...)

The point of perception
is when the driver becomes aware of a danger or hazard
pre-collision phase or the point of possible perception is the
earliest possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard
Evasive action
is any action taken by the driver to alter the speed or direction of a vehicle or to avoid a
pedestrian, such as applying the brakes, turning the steering wheel, or moving out of the
Reaction time
is the length of time between the point of possible perception and the start of the evasive action
Point of no escape
is the point in time when the crash
is inevitable, regardless of the evasive action taken.
The at-collision phase
begins with the time of initial impact or contact
occurs when two objects begin to enter the same space at the same time. This is where the first injury or damage may occur. Damage will occur when
contact is made between vehicles or objects entering the same space. Evasive action may
also occur here if no contact is made between vehicles or objects
Maximum engagement
is the point at which the vehicles or other objects are crushed together to the greatest extent
The post-collision phase (disengagement)
is the point when the vehicles separate,
either naturally or artificially. Often, a second impact known as secondary contact occurs
in chain reaction collisions or when one vehicle glances off another into the path of a
third vehicle, property, or person(s).
Final rest
is the point when all activities from the
crash come to a halt.
Based on s. 320.0605, F.S., an operator of a vehicle must possess and present, upon demand of a law
enforcement officer, a certificate of registration (or an alternative stated in the statute) for the vehicle he or she operates, except during the first _______ days after purchase of a vehicle
The registration is considered current if it
reflects the information for the vehicle being driven by the driver and if the effective date includes the period in which the crash occurred. Example: In Florida, a certificate of registration is issued with each renewal of the registration license tag and reflects the period of one year from the birth date of the owner or from January 1 for vehicles registered under s. 320.08, F.S
Any party who fails to provide the
required proof commits a noncriminal traffic infraction punishable as a
non-moving violation as provided in
chapter 318 of the Florida Statutes.
void citation: "insurance" the law enforcement agency may void the citation if the driver, within _________
hours of the crash, provides the proof of insurance which was valid at the time of the crash.
transitory evidence should be dealt with__________ fragile, temporary, and short-lived evidence—such as
squeegee marks, tire prints, skid-marks, furrows, puddles (e.g., gasoline, oil, and water),
vehicle debris, vehicle position in or off a roadway, and the position of the injured or
deceased peopl
permanent evidence items should be measured
as soon as possible, they do not last more than a few days. EX: roadway dimensions, sight distances, grade
or slope, locations of traffic-control devices, and distances between landmark
area of collision
Vehicle damage falls into three types:
contact, induced, and pre-existing.
Contact damage:
any damage to a vehicle resulting from the direct pressure of any object in a collision or rollover. It usually appears as scrape marks or striations on the
body of the vehicle, material rub-off, such as paint from the other vehicle (called paint transfer), rubber, or tree bark, or as a puncture to or imprint on a bumper, guard rail, or other fixed object
Induced damage:
any damage to a vehicle other than contact damage, often occurs as bending, breaking, crumpling, twisting, distortion, or buckling of the vehicle metal
Pre-existing damage:
existed before the crash. This is usually identifiable as damage which does not fit the pattern of the crash and appears rusted, dirty, or weathered