19 terms

Chapter 6 Ciscos Internetworking Operating System (IOS)


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You type show interfaces fa0/1 and get this output:

275496 packets input, 35226811 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 69748 broadcasts (58822 multicasts)
0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
111395 input errors, 511987 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored
0 watchdog, 58822 multicast, 0 pause input
0 input packets with dribble condition detected
2392529 packets output, 337933522 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets
0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred
0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 PAUSE output
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out

What could the problem possibly be with this interface?

A. Speed mismatch on directly connected interfaces

B. Collisions causing CRC errors

C. Frames received are too large

D. Interference on the Ethernet cable
D. Typically we see the input errors and CRC statistics increase with a duplex error, but it could be another Physical layer issue such as the cable might be receiving excessive interference or the network interface cards might have a failure. Typically you can tell if it is interference when the CRC and input errors output grow but the collision counters do not, which is the case with this question.
The output of the show running-config command comes from ___________.


B. Flash


D. Firmware
C. Once the IOS is loaded and up and running, the startup-config will be copied from NVRAM into RAM and from then on, referred to as the running-config.
Which two of the following commands are required when configuring SSH on your router? (Choose two.)

A. enable secret password

B. exec-timeout 0 0

C. ip domain-name name

D. username name password password

E. ip ssh version 2
C, D. To configure SSH on your router, you need to set the username command, the ip domain-name, login local, and the transport input ssh under the VTY lines and the crypto key command. However, SSH version 2 is suggested but not required.
Which command will show you whether a DTE or a DCE cable is plugged into serial 0/0 on your routers WAN port?

A. sh int s0/0

B. sh int serial 0/0

C. show controllers s 0/0

D. show serial 0/0 controllers
C. The show controllers serial 0/0 command will show you whether either a DTE or DCE cable is connected to the interface. If it is a DCE connection, you need to add clocking with the clock rate command.
Using the given output, what type of interface is f0/0?

[output cut]
Hardware is MV96340 Ethernet, address is 001a.2f55.c9e8 (bia 001a.2f55.c9e8)
Internet address is
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 100000 Kbit, DLY 100 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
A. 10 MB

B. 100 MB

C. 1000 MB

D. 1000 MB
B. We can see that the bandwidth is 100000 Kbit, which is 100,000,000. Kbit means to add three zeros, which is 100 Mbits per second, or FastEthernet.
Which of the following commands will configure all the default VTY ports on a switch?

A. Switch#line vty 0 4

B. Switch(config)#line vty 0 4

C. Switch(config-if)#line console 0

D. Switch(config)#line vty all
B. From global configuration mode, use the line vty 0 4 command to set all five default VTY lines. However, you would typically always set all lines, not just the defaults.
Which of the following commands sets the privileged mode password to Cisco and encrypts the password?

A. enable secret password Cisco

B. enable secret cisco

C. enable secret Cisco

D. enable password Cisco
C. The enable secret password is case sensitive, so the second option is wrong. To set the enable secret password, use the enable secret password command from global configuration mode. This password is automatically encrypted.
If you wanted administrators to see a message when logging into the switch, which command would you use?

A. message banner motd

B. banner message motd

C. banner motd

D. message motd
C. The typical banner is a message of the day (MOTD) and is set by using the global configuration mode command banner MOTD.

10. C. The prompts offered as options indicate the following modes:

Switch(config)# is global configuration mode.
Switch> is user mode.
Switch# is privileged mode.
Switch(config-if)# is interface configuration mode.
Which of the following prompts indicates that the switch is currently in privileged mode?

A. Switch(config)#

B. Switch>

C. Switch#

D. Switch(config-if)
C. The prompts offered as options indicate the following modes:

Switch(config)# is global configuration mode.
Switch> is user mode.
Switch# is privileged mode.
Switch(config-if)# is interface configuration mode.
What command do you type to save the configuration stored in RAM to NVRAM?

A. Switch(config)#copy current to starting

B. Switch#copy starting to running

C. Switch(config)#copy running-config startup-config

D. Switch#copy run start
D. To copy the running-config to NVRAM so that it will be used if the router is restarted, use the copy running-config startup-config command in privileged mode (copy run start for short).
You try to telnet into SF from router Corp and receive this message:

Corp#telnet SF
Trying SF (

Password required, but none set
[Connection to SF closed by foreign host]
Which of the following sequences will address this problem correctly?

A. Corp(config)#line console 0

Corp (config-line)#password password

Corp (config-line)#login

B. SF (config)#line console 0

SF(config-line)#enable secret password


C. Corp(config)#line vty 0 4

Corp (config-line)#password password

Corp (config-line)#login

D. SF (config)#line vty 0 4

SF(config-line)#password password

D. To allow a VTY (Telnet) session into your router, you must set the VTY password. Option C is wrong because it is setting the password on the wrong router. Notice that you have to set the password before you set the login command. Remember, Cisco may have you set the password before the login command.
Which command will delete the contents of NVRAM on a switch?

A. delete NVRAM

B. delete startup-config

C. erase flash

D. erase startup-config

E. erase start
D. The erase startup-config command erases the contents of NVRAM and will put you in setup mode if the switch is restarted. Option E is wrong because you must type in the full command!
What is the problem with an interface if you type show interface g0/1 and receive the following message?

Gigabit 0/1 is administratively down, line protocol is down
A. The keepalives are different times.

B. The administrator has the interface shut down.

C. The administrator is pinging from the interface.

D. No cable is attached.
B. If an interface is shut down, the show interface command will show the interface as administratively down. (It is possible that no cable is attached, but you can’t tell that from this message.)
Which of the following commands displays the configurable parameters and statistics of all interfaces on a switch?

A. show running-config

B. show startup-config

C. show interfaces

D. show versions
C. With the show interfaces command, you can view the configurable parameters, get statistics for the interfaces on the switch, check for input and CRC errors, and verify if the interfaces are shut down.
If you delete the contents of NVRAM and reboot the switch, what mode will you be in?

A. Privileged mode

B. Global mode

C. Setup mode

D. NVRAM loaded mode
C. If you delete the startup-config and reload the switch, the device will automatically enter setup mode. You can also type setup from privileged mode at any time.
You type the following command into the switch and receive the following output:

Switch#show fastethernet 0/1
% Invalid input detected at ‘^’ marker.
Why was this error message displayed?

A. You need to be in privileged mode.

B. You cannot have a space between fastethernet and 0/1.

C. The switch does not have a Fastethernet 0/1 interface.

D. Part of the command is missing.
D. You can view the interface statistics from user mode, but the command is show interface fastethernet 0/0.
You type Switch#sh r and receive a % ambiguous command error. Why did you receive this message?

A. The command requires additional options or parameters.

B. There is more than one show command that starts with the letter r.

C. There is no show command that starts with r.

D. The command is being executed from the wrong mode.
B. The % ambiguous command error means that there is more than one possible show command that starts with r. Use a question mark to find the correct command.
Which of the following commands will display the current IP addressing and the layer 1 and 2 status of an interface? (Choose two.)

A. show version

B. show interfaces

C. show controllers

D. show ip interface

E. show running-config
B, D. The commands show interfaces and show ip interface will show you the layer 1 and 2 status and the IP addresses of your router’s interfaces.
At which layer of the OSI model would you assume the problem is if you type show interface serial 1 and receive the following message?

Serial1 is down, line protocol is down
A. Physical layer

B. Data Link layer

C. Network layer

D. None; it is a router problem.
A. If you see that a serial interface and the protocol are both down, then you have a Physical layer problem. If you see serial1 is up, line protocol is down, then you are not receiving (Data Link) keepalives from the remote end.