Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
NAS 150 Cells and Tissues Chapter 3
Terms in this set (52)
Living matter, a substance that exists only in cells.
A thin membrane that encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer boundry of the cell.
Interstitial fluid/Tissue fluid
Dilluted saltwater soultion that bathes each cell.
Phosphate containing, fat molecules.
Organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that synthesizes proteins: also know as a "PROTEIN FACTORY".
a system of membranes that moves proteins and other substances throughout the cell. it can be either smooth or rough.
Consists of tiny, flattened sacs stacked on one another near the nucleus,that makes carbohydrate compounds, combines them with protein molecules and packages the product in a globule.
rod-shaped cell structures that produce most of the energy needed to carry out the cell's functions
Contain enzymes that can digest food compounds, they are also know as the "DIGESTIVE BAGS" and they can digest substances other than food.
Rod-shaped structures,organelles that occur in pairs and are important for cell division.
Single projection extending from the cells surface. the only example of FLAGELLUM is the tail of the male sperm.
BRAIN OF TE CELL. Ultimately controls every organelle in the cytoplasm
This determins everything from gender and metabolism rate to body build and hair color in every human being. Also thought of as the "Chemical Cookbook".
Is a process by which substances scatter themselves evenly throughout an avaliable space.
The movement of water and solutes through a membrane as a result of a pushing force that is greater on one side of the membrane than the other side.
Active Transport Processes
Is the UPHILL movement of a substance through a lliving cell membrane. Uphill- means "up a concentration gradient" the energy needed for this movement is obtained from the ATP.
When a cell is not dividing but instead going about its usual functions.
Involves the division of the nucleus and the cytoplasma.
Indirect cell division involving complex changes in the nucleus. Reproduction of cells.
the nuclear envelpoe and nucleous have disapperead.
Stage of mitosis, duplicate chromosomes move to poles of dividing cells.
Last stage of mitosis in which the cell divides
Refers to an increase in cell size.
A decrease in cell size.
Refers to an increas in the rate of reproduction.
Epithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nervous.
Covers the body and many of its parts. They are packed so close together there are no intercellular material between them, they form continuous sheets that contain no blood vessels.
Keeps plasma membrane from breaking.
Flat and scalellike.
More tall than wide.
Varying shapes that can stretch.
The most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body.
Fat tissue, specialized to store lipids.
A screening process which cell markers in donated organ or tissue are identified so that they can be matched to recipients with simalar cell markers.
Enzyme-linked immounosorbent assy- to test the presence of antibodies produced on response to HIV.
Muscle cells are the movement specialists of the body. Have a higher degree of contractility (ability to shorten or contract) than any other tissue cells.
Cardiac Muscle Tissue
Forms the walls of the heart, and regular but involuntary contractions of the cardiac muscle produce the heartbeat.
Smooth Muscle Tissue
Said to be invoulantary because it is not under conscious or willful control. (visceral)
Rapid communication between body structures and control of the body functions.
The functional or conducting units of the system and special connecting and supporting cells called GLIA.
Fine hairlike extensions found on the exposed or free surfaces of some cells.
Osmosis and Dialysis
Examples of diffusion.
Main parts of cells
Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasma, Nucleus.
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Working ribosomes attach to transport protein throughout the cells.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Makes new membrane for cells.
Fingerlike projections on plasma membranes that increase cells ability to absorb substances.
Diffusion and filteration.
Chromatin and Chromosomes
Made of DNA.
Sodium and Potassium.
Bacterial Infection of the intestine.
Recommended textbook explanations
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Suzanne M. Keller
Anatomy And Physiology Coloring Workbook A Complete Study Guide
Elaine Nicpon Marieb
Body Structures and Functions
Ann Senisi Scott, Elizabeth Fong
Human Anatomy and Physiology Main Version
Terry R. Martin
Sets found in the same folder
NAS 150 Basic Chemistry Chapter 2
WOSC 12-504B Test 2 (Joe)
WOSC Class 12-504B
Test 4 Class 12-504
Sets with similar terms
Unit 1 Chapter 1 Cellular Biology (Understanding P…
Unit 1 Chapter 1 Cellular Biology (Weber State)
Unit 1 Chapter 1 Cellular Biology (Weber State)
Cells & Tissues
Other sets by this creator
NAS 150 Endoicrin
NAS 150 Chapter 4 Skin and Body Membranes
NAS 150 Exam 2
Other Quizlet sets
OBHR Chapter 10
WW1 Powerpoint Questions
Urinary System TEST 3
Science 7th grade
Describe the function of the immune system.
Consider how your eyes and brain interpret information to allow you to see the image of an object in a plane mirror. Compare this process to the way your eyes and brain interpret information to allow you to see an image that is underwater.
Why does sexual reproduction provide more opportunities for genetic variation than asexual reproduction?
Throughout the last five chapters we have been adding processes and changes that affect Earth systems to the Understanding Global Change model. Choose two causes of global change from this model. For each cause, identify the Earth systems that are affected. Explain how the functions of these systems are affected. Then, explain the results of changes in the functions of those systems.