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23 terms

Unit 10 - Europe Exploration

STUDY
PLAY
Spice Trade
European traders traveled to Asia to get spices. Europeans decided to look for a shorter route, which started the Age of Exploration.
Renaissance Movement-
sprit of curiousity about the world during this time of renewed interest in learning and the arts in the 14th and 16th centuries
Prince Henry the Navigator-
Portuguese prince and naval commander who founded a school of navigation for sailors and paid for expeditions to the west coast of Africa
Christopher Columbus-
first person to reach the Caribbean Islands in an effort to reach Asia in 1492
Ferdinand Magellan-
rounded the south tip of South America after 18 months of sailing in 1519
Mercantilism-
an economic policy where the colonies helped the mother country by providing valuable resources and a market for the good produced in the mother country
Samuel de Champlain-
founded the colony of Quebec as a trading post in 1608
Imperialism-
policy of obtaining and occupying colonies to form an empire
Alliances-
a union of countries to achieve a particular goal
Nationalism -
citizens felt fierce pride in their countries
Militarism -
countries had built strong armies and navies to defend their own countries and colonies
Treaty of Versailles-
treaty that ended World War I and forced Germany to accept blame for the war
Reparations-
pay for other countries loss and damage during the war
Russian Revolution-
Communist party seized control of Russia and killed the Czar Nicholas II, overthrowing the monarchy
Depression-
a time where business is bad and people lose their jobs
Adolf Hitler-
leader of Nazi party who started World War II and Holocaust
Nazi-
believed that the German government should be controlled by a dictator and blamed all problems on Jewish people
Axis Power-
Italy, Germany, and Japan during World War II
Allied Powers-
Great Britain, France, and Soviet Union and United States in World War II
Holocaust-
murder of 6 million Jews between 1933 and 1945
Space race-
competition between the United States and Soviet Union to launch satellites and land on the moon
Iron Curtain-
meaning a dividing line had now fallen between Eastern and Western Europe
Cold War-
state of tension between the United States and Soviet Union, however, it never involved fighting.