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AP WLL: INDIA
Terms in this set (36)
What are the Eightfold paths?
What are the 4 Noble Truths?
human life is unhappy
the cause of unhappiness is human selfishness and desire
Individuals selfishness and desires can be brought to an end
Method of escape from selfishness and desire comes by following the Middle Way
moment of reuniting with Brahman
path of righteousness
deeds throughout lifetime
a belief in reincarnation
powerful winds, which sweep across the Indian subcontinent each summer. Gathering moisture from the Indian Ocean
taller, light skinned invader from Central Europe entered India through the Hindu Kush in about 1500 BCE
intermarriage between people of different races
one group or nation who gains full control or domination of other groups or nations
non-violence toward living things or their souls
shrines housing relics of the Buddha or his first disciples that pilgrims would honor while meditating.
An anthropologist researching early Aryan hymns, songs, prayers and rituals honoring Aryan gods would most likely use which of the following sources?
The Rig Veda, an oral collection of pastoral tradition, which was compiled by Aryan priests between 1400 and 900 B.C.E
which of the following groups of Indian people would have been most attracted to early Buddhism's stance on the concept of varna?
An agricultural historian interested in investigating the historical evolution of food production in the Indian subcontinent c. 3000 B.C.E would most likely use which of the following sources?
Research on Dravidian agricultural settlements found through most of the Indian subcontinent
which of the following changes best justifies the claim that c. 1500 B.C.E marks the beginning of a new period in the history of India?
Composition of the principal works in the Rig Veda and Gita and Upanishads
Which environmental factor did not contribute to the demise of Harappan civilization?
Nomadic invasions by marine raiders, decimated Harappan farm lands and terraces
"when a caterpillar has come to the end of a blade of grass, it reaches out to another blade, and draws itself over to it. In the same way the soul, having coming to the end of one life, reached out to another body, and then draws itself over to it"
"When the senses are calm and the mind is motionless, then your heart is pure; you have reached the highest state of consciousness, in which you are unified with God. If this state of consciousness is firm and secure, so it can never be bro-ken, then you are free"
the standardization of construction at all sites in Harappan civilization implies?
the existence of an organizing, central authority
What sort of relationship did the Aryans maintain with the conquered population of India?
because the Aryans lacked any system of social stratification, the conquered peoples were soon incorporated into Aryan society
The major difference between Buddhism and Hinduism was
Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism denied the need for caste, rites, and sacrifice to achieve enlightenment
The center of the Buddhist world for Theravada Buddhist was
the monastic community of monks and nuns
During the Gupta era, an example of religious syncretism in Hinduism was its
spread through trade to southeast Asia, especially Java and Cambodia
In mesopotamia the cuneiform culturs of the mesopotamians provided cultural continuity despite changes in government or rulers. the same role in India was performed by
The Hindu social hierarchy which continued through until the modern era
As the snake discards its skin, leaving it lifeless on an anthill, so the soul free from desire discards the body, and unites with God, who is eternal life and boundless light
The Aryann political structure changed from the rajas who ruled with a council to kingdoms ruled by regional cheifs as a result of?
The Aryans settling into permanent agricultural communities
which of the following best characterizes the differences between early Judaism and other contemporaneous religions of the Fertile Crescent?
Hebrews went from polytheistic to monotheistic
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