5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Muhammad the Great(Askia Muhammad)
- a The first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade, First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries C.E.; rose to power by taxing gold and salt exchanged within its borders
- b A reformist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Sahara Africa.
- c extended boundaries of Songhay empire; Islamic ruler of mid-16th century; one of the many askias that succeeded Sunni Ali
- d Leader(1464- 1492) of Songhai that drove out the Berbers and built the largest empire in West Africa; tactical commander and ruthless leader who seized trading cities of Timbuktu and Jenne
- e Struggle; often used for wars in defense of the faith.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Great mosque made of mud built here; major center for iron-working and trade; center for Islamic learning and scholarship
- The people who broke away from Ghana control and founded Mali in the 13th century
- City, now in ruins (in the modern African country of ____________), whose many stone structures were built between about 1250 and 1450, when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state.
- extravagant wastefulness; profuse generosity; extreme abundance; lavishness
- The Arabic term for eastern north Africa; the term used by the Romans for Africa.
5 True/False questions
Sundiata → The Lion Prince; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; died about 1260
Contemporaneous → Living, growing, or produced naturally in a particular place; native
Zeng → kingdom based on agriculture; formed on lower Kongo River; capital at Mbanza Kongo; ruled by hereditary monarchy
Ibn Batuta → Arab traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records
Almoravids → A puritanical reformist movement among the Islamic Berber tribes of northern Africa; controlled gold trade across Sahara; conquered Ghana in 1076; moved southward against African kingdom of the savanna and westward into Spain.