practice that requires children to respect their parents and older relatives
taught that if each person does his or her duty, society as a whole will do well.
first examples of written Chinese language
ruled over the Huang He valley
Huang He valley
site of the first Chinese civilizations
he thought that humans were naturally evil
taught that people needed harsh laws and punishment to make them live rightly
a cold, rocky desert east of the Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan Mountains
a network of trade routes that extended from China to southwest Asia
Quin built and extended it to keep out the Xiongnu
taught that people need a strong ruler to maintain order
military leaders with their own armies
Mandate of Heaven
the Zhou dynasty claimed this principle gave them the right to vote
head of Chinese family
1/10 of China's land
good for farming
the Period of Warring States
this was the period of violence that made people look for ways to restore order
silk, tea and spices
were sent out of China by the Silk Road
If the king brought bad fortune on the people
the first captital city made by the Shang
an example of Chinese medicine
could pay their rent by giving the landlord a portion of their crops
offerings of food
ancient Chinese believed their gods needed this to keep them happy
saddle and stirrups
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