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filial piety

practice that requires children to respect their parents and older relatives


taught that if each person does his or her duty, society as a whole will do well.

Oracle Bones

first examples of written Chinese language

Shang Dynasty

ruled over the Huang He valley

Huang He valley

site of the first Chinese civilizations


he thought that humans were naturally evil


taught that people needed harsh laws and punishment to make them live rightly


a cold, rocky desert east of the Kunlun Shan and Tian Shan Mountains

Silk Road

a network of trade routes that extended from China to southwest Asia

Great Wall

Quin built and extended it to keep out the Xiongnu


founder of Daoism


taught that people need a strong ruler to maintain order


military leaders with their own armies

Mandate of Heaven

the Zhou dynasty claimed this principle gave them the right to vote

Chinese invention


head of Chinese family

oldest man

1/10 of China's land

good for farming

the Period of Warring States

this was the period of violence that made people look for ways to restore order

silk, tea and spices

were sent out of China by the Silk Road

overthrow him

If the king brought bad fortune on the people


the first captital city made by the Shang


an example of Chinese medicine

tenant farmers

could pay their rent by giving the landlord a portion of their crops

offerings of food

ancient Chinese believed their gods needed this to keep them happy

chinese inventions

saddle and stirrups

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