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Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States, adopted by Congress in 1777 and enacted in 1781. The Articles established a national legislature, the Continental Congress, but most authority rested with the state legislatures.
was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Peterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
a compromise is a way of resolving disagreements in which each side gives up something but gains something else.
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national,government and the states.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.
a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
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