is a group of individual state governments that band together for common purpose.
Articles of Confederation
The first constitution of the United States, adopted by Congress in 1777 and enacted in 1781. The Articles established a national legislature, the Continental Congress, but most authority rested with the state legislatures.
approved the Articles of Confederation
was led by Daniel Shays it was a protest against the land being taken away and the taxes that they had just worked so hard to get rid of
a meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution
Virginia delegate James Madison's plan of government, in which states got a number of representatives in Congress based on their population
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Peterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
a compromise is a way of resolving disagreements in which each side gives up something but gains something else.
delegates agreed that every five enslaved person would count as three free persons.
a group of people who would be named by each state legislature.
Supporters of the document.
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national,government and the states.
those who opposed the constitution.
an introduction that states and goals and purposes of the government.
the branch of government that makes the laws.
law enforce branch of government
part of government that interprets the laws and sees that they are fairly applied.
Any change in the Constitution.
powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution
the idea that the power of government lies with the people.
rule of law
the law applies to everyone.
separation of law
division of authority.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power.
the powers specifically granted to the national government into three types.
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
powers that are shared by both the federal and state governments
The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.
freedom to think and act without government interference
banning offensive or alarming information
harming someone's reputation by speaking lies
harming someone's reputation by printing lies
formal request, often in the form of a brief or letter
court order allowing police to search private property and gather
a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
being tried twice for the same crime
following established legal procedures
right of government to take private property for public use
the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
right to vote
sum of money paid before casting a ballot
unfair treatment of certain groups because of prejudice
social separation of the races
freedom of full citizenship and equality under the law
programs that try to make up for past discrimination