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90 terms

Unit 21

STUDY
PLAY
albin/o
means white
bi/o
life
derm/o, derma/lo
means skin
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
kerat/o
means hard or horny
lip/o
means fat
melan/o
means black
myc/o
means fungus
onych/o
means fingernail or toenail
pedicul/o
means lice
pil/o
hair
rhytid/o
means wrinkle
seb/o
means sebum
xer/o
means dry
abrasion (ah-BRAY-zhun)
an injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped or rubbed away
actinic keratosis (ack- TIN-ick kerr-ah- TOH- sis)
a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun
albinism (AL-bih-niz-um)
an inherited deficiency or absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes due to an abnormality in production of melanin
alopecia (al-oh-PEE-shee-ah)
also known as baldness, the partial or complete loss of hair
anhidrosis (an-high-DROH-sis)
the condition of lacking or being without sweat
blepharoplasty (BLEF-ah-roh-plas-tee)
also known as a lid lift, the surgical reduction of the upper and lower eyelids
bulla (BULL-ah)
a large circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is more that 0.5 cm in diameter
carbuncle (KAR-bung-kul)
a cluster of furuncles that result in extensive sloughing of skin and scar formation
cauterization
the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
cellulitis (sell-you-LYE-tis)
a diffuse infection of connective tissue with sever inflammation within the layers of the skin
chloasma (kloh-AZ-mah)
also known as melasma or the mask of pregnancy, is a pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish colored spots on the face
cicatrix (sick-AY-tricks)
a normal scar resulting fro the healing of a wound
comedo (KOM-eh-doh)
a lesion formed by the buildup of sebum and keratin in a hair follicle
contusion (kon- TOO-zhun)
an injury that does not break the skin and is characterized by swelling, discoloration, and pain
debridement (day-breed-MON)
the removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from a wound to prevent infection and to promote healing
decubitus ulcer (dee-KYOU-bih-tus)
also known as a pressure ulcer or bedsore, an ulcerated area caused by prolonged pressure that cuts off circulation to a body part
dermabrasion (der-mah-BRAY-zhun)
a form of abrasion involving the use of revolving wire brushes or sandpaper
dermatitis (der-mah- TYE-tis)
an inflammation of the upper layers of the skin
dermatomycosis (der-mah-toh-my-KOH-sis)
also known as tinea versicolor, a fungal infection that causes white to light brown areas on the skin
dermatoplasty (DER-mah-toh-plas-tee)
also known as a skin graft, the replacement of damaged skin with tissue from a donor site on the patient's body
diaphoresis (dye-ah-foh-REE-sis)
means profuse, but not necessarily excessive, sweating
dyschromia (dis-KROH-mee-ah)
any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair
dysplastic nevi
atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer
ecchymosis (eck-ih-MOH-sis)
also known as a bruise, a purplish area caused by hemorrhaging within the skin
eczema
an acute or chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs and possibly itching
epithelioma (ep-ih-thee-lee-OH-mah)
a benign or malignany tumor originating in the epidermis that may occur on the skin or mucous membrane
erythema (er-ih-THEE-mah)
any redness of the skin such as nervous blush, inflammation, or mild sunburn
exfoliative cytology
scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope
furuncle (FYOU-rung-kul)
also known as boils, large, tender, and swollen aread caused by staphylococcal infection around hair follicles
gangrene (GANG-green)
necrosis that is usually associated with a loss of circulation
granuloma (gran-you-LOH-mah)
a general term used to describe small knot like swellings of granulation tissue
hemangioma
Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels
hirsutism (HER-soot-izm)
means abnormal hairiness
hyperhidrosis (high-per-high-DROH-sis)
a condition of excessive sweating
impetigo (im-peh- TYE-go)
a highly contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
keloid (KEE-loid)
an abnormally raised or thickened scar that is usually smooth and shiny
keratosis (kerr-ah-TOH-sis)
sny skin growth, such as a wart or callous, in which there is overgrowth and thickening of the skin
koilonychia (koy-loh-NICK-ee-ah)
also known as spoon nail, a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out
lipectomy (lih-PECK-toh-mee)
the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin
lipedema (lip-eh-DEE-mah)
an abnormal swelling due to collection of fat and fluid under the skin, usually between the calf and the ankle
lipocytes
fat cells
lipoma (lib-POH-mah)
a benign fatty deposit under the skin, causing a bump
liposuction (LIP-oh-suck-shun or LYE-poh-¬suck-shun)
the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction
lupus erythematosus
also known as LE or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disorder xharacterized by a red, scaly rash on the face and upper trunk
macule (MACK-youl)
a discolored, flat spot that is less than 1 cm in diameter
melanoma (mel-ah-NOH-mah)
skin caner derived from cells capable of forming melanin
miliaria (mill-ee-AYR-ee-ah)
also known as heat rash, and prickly heat, an inflammation caused by trapped sweat
onychia (oh-NICK-ee-ah)
also known as onychitis, an inflammation of the matrix of the nail
onychocryptosis (on-ih-koh-krip-TOH-sis)
means ingrown toenail
onychomycosis (on-ih-koh-my-KOH-sis)
any fungal infection of the nail
papilloma (pap-ih-LOH-mah)
a benign epithelial tumor that projects from the surrounding surface
papule (PAP-you!)
a small, solid, raised skin lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter
paronychia (par-oh-NICK-ee-ah)
an acute or chronic infection of the skin fold at the margin of a nail
pediculosis (pee-dick-you-LOH-sis)
an infestation with lice
petechiae (pee-TEE-kee-ee)
small pinpoint hemorrahges, smaller versions of eccymoses
pruritus
also known as itching, a dated with most forms of dermatitis
psoriasis (soh-RYE-uh-sis)
a chronic autoimmune disorder of the skin characterized by red papules covered with silvery scales that occur predominantly on elbows, knees, scalp, back and buttocks
purpura
any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
purulent
producing or containing pus
putrefaction (pyou-treh-FACK-shun)
decay that produces foul-smelling odors
rhinophyma (rye-noh-FIGH-muh)
also known as bulbous nose, hyperplasia (overgrowth) of the nose
rhytidectomy (rit-ih-DECK-toh-mee)
also known as a facelift, the surgical removal of excess of skin for the elimination of wrinkles
rosacea (roh-ZAY-shee-ah)
a chronic condition of unknown cause that produces redness, timy pimples, and broken blood vessels
scabies (SKAY-beez)
a skin infection caused by an infestation with the itch mite
scleroderma (sklehr-oh-DER-mah or skleer-¬oh-DER-mah)
an autoimmune disorder that causes abnormal tissue thickening usually starting on the hands, feet, or face
seborrhea (seb-oh-REE-ah)
any of several common skin conditions in which there is an overproduction of sebum
seborrheic keratosis (seb-oh-REE-ick kerr-a TOH -sis)
a benign flesh-colored, brown, or black skin tumor
subungual hematoma (sub-UNG-gwal hee- mah-TOH-mah)
usually caused by an injury, a collection of blood trapped in the tissues under the nail
tinea (TIN-ee-ah)
also known as ringworm, a fungus skin disease affecting different areas of the body
urticaria (ur-tih-KAR-ree-ah)
also known as hives, a skin condition characterzed by localized areas of swelling accompanied by itching that is associated with an allergic reaction
verrucae (veh-ROO-see)
also known as warts, skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus
vesicle (VES-ih-kul)
a circumscribed elevation of skin containing fluid that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter
vitiligo (vit-ih-LYE-goh)
a condition in which a loss of mlanocytes results in whitish areas of skin bordered by normally pigmented areas
wheal (WHEEL)
a smooth, slightly elevated, swollen aread that is redder or paler that the surrounding skin that is usually accompanied by itching, for example, an insect bite or hives
xeroderma (zee-roh-DER-mah)
excessively dry skin