Terms in this set (18)
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
House of Burgess
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
This document was the first written constitution in the American colonies. It was prepared as the covenant for the new Puritan community in Connecticut, established in the 1630s. This document described a system of government for the new community.
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
New England Town Meetings
A North American approximation of direct or participatory democracy
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence
Those loyal to Britain. (Tories, Red Coats)
British colonial policy during the reigns of George I and George II. Relaxed supervision of internal colonial affairs by royal bureacrats contributed significantly to the rise of American self government
King of England during the American Revolution
A meeting of delegates from each of the thirteen American colonies. These delegates served as the government during the Revolutionary War.
• First Continental Congress- September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies (not Georgia) sent representatives to Philadelphia to discuss a response to the Intolerable Acts. Sent a petition to King George III and urged a boycott of British import
Consent of the governed
people must agree on who their rulers will be.
Olive Branch Petition
An offer of peace sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George lll
1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation
Articles of Confederations
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Term used by historians to describe the United States under the Articles of Confederation.
Land Ordinance 1785
1785- A policy created so that settlers and investors could buy formerly public lands.
1787 law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory and served as a model for other new territories and as a plan for admitting new states to the Union
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