30 terms

Ch.8 Field Operations

bias crime
A crime that is racially or sexually motivated, a hate crime.
computer-aided dispatch
A system that includes call taking, dispatching, and call disposition. The system also includes resource management, allowing departments to map crimes and alert officers of past problems in that jurisdiction.
computerized crime mapping
A computer-generated map of crime information matched to a geographic area to help officers know where to concentrate their patrol activities.
An intensive, short-term increase in officer presence and arrests for the specific types of offenses or for all offenses in specific areas.
crime suppression
Control and prevention of crime through the actual or implied presence of police.
differential police response
Differential response programs classify incoming calls according to their degree of seriousness and base the type of action police take on that classification. Such programs can decrease costs and increase efficiency.
directed patrol
A proactive patrol method that uses uncommitted time for a specified activity and is based on crime and problem analysis. It utilizes computerized crime analysis and mapping to identify crime patterns and directed patrols to primary crime areas at primary crime times.
dual arrest
In cases of domestic violence, the police arrest both parties involved.
A police activity that purposely encourages someone to commit a crime.
Police activity that purposely provides a person with the opportunity and intent to commit a crime.
event analysis
Refers to the police being aware of important dates, celebrations, anniversaries of events, and how these important dates may relate to upcoming situations. For example, the police need to be aware of the anniversary date of an act of terrorism and be alert to activity occurring on that date.
field operations
Consists primarily of patrol and investigations but may also include units to handle traffic, crime prevention, victim assistance, and so on.
follow-up investigation
An official inquiry generally conducted by a detective to develop a case; includes identifying and locating a suspect, possibly obtaining a confession, and disposing of the case.
general deterrence
Patrol deterrence strategy focused on maximizing police interventions (e.g., attempting to reduce firearm by increasing motor vehicle stops for the purpose of seizing illegal weapons).
A police officer who performs a variety of activities, some of which could be assigned to a specialist.
hot spots
Locations that have a greater amount of crime or disorder than other areas.
intelligence-led policing
(ILP) Policing model that emphasizes the use of real-time crime and intelligence analysis as the basis for deploying both specialized units and regular patrol officers.
law enforcement
Activities in which police make arrests, issue citations, conduct investigations, and attempt to prevent or deter criminal activity. A primary function of patrol officers.
order maintenance
Patrol goal that may or may not involve a violation of the law (usually minor), during which officers tend to use alternatives other than arrest.
proactive arrests
Arrests that occur as a result of a police initiative to focus on a narrow set of high-risk targets.
preliminary investigation
An initial inquiry conducted by patrol officers of the purpose of establishing that a crime has been committed and to protect the scene of the crime from those not involved in the inquiry.
primary aggressor laws
Laws that encourage police officers to determine which of the parties in an intimate partner violence situation is truly the offender or primary aggressor.
Proactive police work emphasizes police-initiated activities by individual officers and departments.
quality-of-life policing
Police strategy that targets the reduction of physical and social disorder so that community members will work together to promote neighborhood safety and concomitantly reduce crime.
random patrol
Police officers patrolling their beats at random (by chance) when not otherwise on assignment.
Reactive police work is characterized by police responses to incidents when assistance is specifically requested by citizens.
social services
Police responsibilities that involve taking reports and providing information and assistance to the public, everything from helping a stranded motorist to checking grandma's house to make sure she is all right.
A police officer who performs a particular kind of activity such as investigation.
specific deterrence
Patrol deterrence strategy focused on targeted police interventions (e.g., attempting to reduce firearm violence by targeting/stopping suspicious looking motorists for the purpose of seizing illegal weapons.
target oriented
A concept used by police officers to assess likely targets in their districts. A target-oriented approach monitors not only obvious places and persons who might be of danger, but also "safe areas" that may be vulnerable to disruption.