133 terms

Technology in Action Chapter 4

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Terms in this set (...)

Software
Refers to a set of instructions that tells the computer what to do
Program
Provides a means for us to interact with and use the computer, even if we lack specialized programming skills.
2 Main types of software
1) Application software
2) System Software
Application software
is the software you use to do tasks at home, school, or work
System Software
includes software that helps run the computer and coordinate instructions between application software and the computer's hardware devices. System software includes the operating system (OS) and utility programs
Proprietary (or commercial) Software
is software you buy such as Microsoft Office applications you're probably familiar with. You can download directly from the internet of buy the DVD.
Open Source Software
is free software that is available with few licensing and copyright restrictions. One advantage of open source software is that a community of users continues to make changes to the software, keeping it current without needing to wait for updates.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
in which the vendor hosts the software online and you access and use the software over the internet without having to install it on your computer.
Web-based applications
you can collaborate online with others, avoiding the coordination mess that often occurs when transferring documents via e-mail. It is not a fully featured application.
Mobile commerce (M-commerce)
Using applications on smartphones and tablets to buy and sell products
Mobile Payments
instead of using your credit/debit card to buy something, some retailers such as Starbucks and Target have apps you show on your smartphone
Mobile Coupons and Barcodes
apps to look up information by scanning QR codes on products
Productivity software
includes programs that let you preform various tasks required at home, school, and business and includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, database, and personal information manager programs.
Software Suite
are available for all types of software
Microsoft Office
the standard proprietary software suite for Windows
Apache Open Office
an open source productivity suite that provides functionality similar to that of Microsoft Office. You can download the installation file you'll need at openoffice.org
Apple iWork
A productivity suite made for Apple
Spreadsheet software
is software that lets you make calculations and preform numerical analyses
What-if-analysis
because automatic recalculation lets you immediately see the effects different options have on your spreadsheet, you can quickly test different assumptions
Worksheet
is a grid consisting of columns and rows
Text
any combination of letters, numbers, symbols and spaces. Text is often used as labels to identify the contents of a worksheet or chart
Values/Dates
Numerical data that represents a quantity or a date/time and is often the basis for calculations.
Formulas
Equations that use addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division operators, as well as values and cell references.
Functions
Formulas that are preprogrammed into the spreadsheet software. Functions help you with calculations ranging from the simple to complex, without requiring you to know the exact formula.
Charts
basic column charts, pie charts and line chart, with or without 3-D effects
Sparklines
small charts that fit into a single cell and make it easy to show data trends.
accounting software
Helps small-business owners manage their finances more efficiently by providing tools for tracking accounts receivable and accounts payable.
computer-aided design (CAD)
3D modeling programs used to create automated designs, technical drawings, and model visualizations.
course management software Programs
provide traditional classroom tools such as calendars and grade books over the Internet. Programs include Blackboard, Moodle, and Angel among others.
customer relationship management (CRM) software
Stores sales and client contact information in one central database.
desktop publishing (DTP)
software Programs for incorporating and arranging graphics and text to produce creative documents.
digital video-editing software
Programs for editing digital video.
drawing software
Programs for creating or editing two-dimensional, line-based drawings.
enterprise resource planning (ERP) system
Allows a business to consolidate multiple systems into one and improve coordination of these business areas across multiple departments.
entertainment software
Programs designed to provide users with thrills, chills, and all-out fun; computer games make up the vast majority of entertainment software.
Image-editing software
Programs for editing photographs and other images.
multimedia software Includes
image, video, and audio editing software; animation software; and other specialty software required to produce computer games, animations, and movies.
productivity software Includes
word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, database, and personal information manager programs
project management software
A category of business planning software that helps project managers create and modify scheduling charts.
simulation programs
Allow users to experience or control the software as if it were the actual software or an actual event.
software suite
A bundled set of software programs that is cheaper than buying each one individually
speech recognition software (voice recognition software)
Software that translates your spoken words into typed text.
vertical market software
Software designed for a specific industry.
virtual reality programs
Software that turns artificial environments into a realistic experience.
web page-authoring software
Programs you can use to design interesting and interactive Web pages without knowing any HyperText Markup Language (HTML) code.
Freeware
Copyrighted software that certain program developers distribute for free
A ___ version is free software that developers release hoping that users report errors they find before the commercial version is released
Beta
___ is free software that is distributed with few licensing and copyright restrictions
Open Source
When installing new software, it is a good idea to create a ____ point so that if problems arise, you can return your system back to how it was before you started.
Restore
When installing new software, placing the CD/DVD into the drive will usually cause the _____.
Installation Wizard to automatically start
When adding new software, choosing the ___ installation option allows you to decide which features will be installed.
Custom
When downloading software programs from the internet, which of the following statement is false?
Downloaded software doesn't require a software license
Which of the following statements about purchasing and installing software are false
If a program is written for your operating system, it will always work on your computer.
You should ____ to remove a software application from your computer.
use the uninstall program feature in the control panel
Which of the following is usually not listed in the software's system requirements?
Monitor
A(n) ____ installation (often referred to as typical installation) copies all the most commonly used files and programs from the distribution disc to your computer's hard drive
Full
____ testing involves releasing new software to a limited group of users for error testing.
Beta
You can add and remove programs by clicking programs and features in the windows ____
Control Panel
FAQ stands for ____
Frequently Asked Questions
Before purchasing software, you should check the ___ to make sure the software is compatible with your computer system.
system requirements
Copyrighted software that is distributed without cost
freeware
software that is publicly available with very few restrictions
open source
software that is under devlopment
beta version
provides answers to common questions
FAQ
operating system, Ram, hard drive capacity, and processor speed
system requirements
Legal agreement between the user and the software developer
software license (EULA)
does not allow you to select specific features
full installation
the illegal copying of software
software piracy
used to delete programs
Programs and Features
an installation method that might save hard drive space
custom installation
I've heard some friends talking about software that they got for free. Can you tell me more about free software?
You can use freeware, software that is available for free, shareware, software that is free with certain conditions, and beta versions, free software that is still under development.
Do I face any risks when I install or download beta versions and freeware from the Internet?
You must exercise caution when downloading freeware and beta versions as they may contain bug or viruses.
Is there some place where a student can get software at discounted prices?
You may be able to buy software that is no different from regularly priced software at prices that sometimes are substantially less than general consumer prices. You should try your college bookstore or campus computer store, which generally require a valid ID.
How do I ensure that the software I buy will work on my computer?
Ensure that you have the set of system requirements of sufficient storage, memory capacity, and processing capabilities for the software you are installing.
After checking system requirements, how do I install software from a disc that I've bought?
To install software that you have bought, you insert the program file CD or DVD and follow the steps in the installation wizard.
What about installing software that I download from the Internet?
Downloaded software comes in one compressed file having everything needed for installing and running the program. Mostly, these downloaded files unzip themselves and automatically start the setup program.
How do I uninstall a software program?
Always choose Uninstall for the software application you would like to delete from Program and Features in Control Panel or by right-clicking the program tile on the Start Screen in Windows 8.
Software that is available on demand via the Internet is called
Software as a Service (SaaS).
Software that allows an individual to track financial transactions is called
personal financial software
Which type of program takes advantage of automatic recalculation and what-if analysis?
spreadsheet
Which of the following is true about open source software?
The program can be changed and freely distributed.
What are the two main types of software that a computer uses?
Application software and system software
____________ software is software you buy, such as the Microsoft Office applications.
Proprietary
One way to obtain software is through ____________, in which the vendor hosts the software online and you access and use the software over the Internet without having to install it on your computer.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
____________ is software that lets you create and edit documents such as research papers, class notes, and resumes.
Word processing software
Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft Access are examples of what type of software?
Database software
A ____________ walks you through the steps necessary to complete a complicated task.
wizard
Engineers use ____________ programs to create automated designs, technical drawings, and 3-D model visualizations.
computer-aided design
____________ is a website specifically designed for sharing photos.
Flickr.com
____________ can be used to refine videos before uploading them to YouTube or Facebook.
Digital video-editing software
____________ allow(s) you to experience or control the software as if it were an actual event.
Simulation programs
What concept refers to redistributing modified open source software under the same terms as the original software?
Copyleft
____________ is an application that is still under development.
A beta version
Proprietary software is free software that is available with few licensing and copyright restrictions.
False
A custom installation copies all the most commonly used files and programs from the distribution disc to your computer's hard drive.
False
Productivity software can include word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, database, and personal information manager programs.
True
A software license is also known as an End User License Agreement (EULA).
True
Bloatware is software you don't want or need that manufacturers often include on new computers.
True
A macro is a small program that groups a series of commands so that they will run as a single command.
True
Multimedia software helps individuals manage their daily finances.
False
Adobe Photoshop and Corel PaintShop Pro are fully featured image-editing applications.
True
Cloud computing refers to storing data, files, and applications on the web and being able to access and manipulate these files and applications from any Internet connected device.
True
Drawing software lets you create or edit 3-D, line-based drawings.
False
Some unscrupulous people use freeware to distribute viruses and malware.
True
With a full installation, you can decide which features you want to install on your hard drive.
False
Cloud computing
Refers to storing data, files, and applications on the web and being able to access and manipulate these files and applications from any Internet-connected device.
Full installation
Copies all the most commonly used files and programs from the distribution disc to your computer's hard drive.
Software piracy
Making more copies of the software than the license permits.
Template
A predesigned form.
Vertical market software
Software designed for a specific industry.
Copyleft
Concept of redistributing modified open source software under the same terms as the original software.
beta version
Early versions of software programs that are still under development. Beta versions are usually provided free of charge in return for user feedback.
bloatware
Pre-installed software that is best to delete if not used or renewed so the software does not clog up your system.
copyleft
Concept of redistributing modified open source software under the same terms as the original software.
custom installation
Installing only those features of a software program that a user wants on the hard drive, thereby saving space on the hard drive.
freeware
Any copyrighted software that can be used for free.
full installation
Installing all the files and programs from the distribution disc to the computer's hard drive.
integrated help
Means that documentation for the product is built directly into the software so you don't need to keep track of bulky manuals.
shareware
Software that enables users to "test" software by running it for a limited time free of charge.
Software as a Service (SaaS)
On-demand software deployment where the application is hosted online by the vendor and is made available to the customer over the Internet.
software license
Agreement between the user and the software company that is a legal contract the user accepts before installing the software on the machine.
software piracy
When a computer user copies an application onto more than one computer against the software license and/or violates other terms of the software license.
system requirements
Specify the minimum recommended standards for the operating system, processor, primary memory (RAM), and hard drive capacity.
Which software application would you use to calculate and manipulate numerical data?
Excel, iWork Numbers, Apache OpenOffice Calc
PwToon and HaikuDeck are alternatives to?
PowerPoint
Calendars, Tasks, and e-mail will be found in which application?
Outlook
Which of the following describes copyleft?
Terms enabling redistributing open source software
What is often distributed prior to a final release of software?
Beta version
What should you check first to ensure software will work on your computer?
OS, RAM, and Hard Drive space
Productivity software suites are not available as web-based software
False
A wizard is a software tool that offers a step-by-step guide through complicated tasks.
True
Removing red-eye, cropping, and altering pictures with pen- and brush-like tools are features of image-editing software.
True
When you buy software, you then own it and can do anything you'd like with it, including giving it to friends to install on their machines.
False
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