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Revealed through the character's actions, speech, and appearance


Central character in the plot's conflict


The force in conflict with the protagonist, may be society, nature, fate, self, or another person


A character whose traits are in direct contrast to those of the principal character


A character who possesses expected traits of a group rather than being an individual

Character Development

Showing the multitude of traits and behaviors that give the literary character the complexity of a human being

Flat Character

Not fully developed, we only know one side of the character

Round Character

Fully developed, with many traits- bad and good

Static Character

One who does not experience a basic character change during the course of the story

Dynamic Character

One who experiences a basic change in character through the events of the story


The struggle between the protagonist and an opposing force

Person against Self

Internal conflict (struggle with self)

Person against Person

Interpersonal conflict (struggle with other person)

Person against Society

Protagonist is in conflict with the values of society

Person against Nature

Protagonist is threatened by an element of nature

Person against Fate

Protagonist must contend against a fact over which people have little control


The opening of the story, meet characters and setting

Rising Action

When things begin to escalate, takes the reader from the exposition and to climax


The most suspenseful part of the story

Turning Point

The point in which the story changes

Falling Action

Events leading to the resolution


The point at the end of a story where a solution is come to after the falling action


The underlying meaning of the story, a significant statement and universal truth


Includes the time period and place in which the story takes place

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