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28 terms

ap terms 3

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interior monologue
record of the conversation inside a character's head; stream of consciousness; often (but not exclusively) a feature of modern and post-modern fiction
inversion
intentional reversing of the order of elements in a sentence or phase; often produces an unintended artificiality of language
irony
situation in which the outcome is meaningfully opposite of what is expected
litotes
deliberate understatement inteded as a subtle means of emphasis; sometimes formed by the negation of the opposite of the intended characteristic
metaphor
figure of speech in which a name or descriptive word or phrase is transferred to an object or action different from, but analogous to, that to which it is literally applicable; comparison that says one thing is another
metonymy
figure of speech in which something is replaced by a thing associated with it
mode
method or form of a literary work; the manner in which a work of literature is written
mood
(similar to tone) the primary emotional attitude of a text
motif
main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on and developed further throughout the piece; a repeated theme, image, or idea
myth
narrative that serves to explain origins, either of life itself or of religious or cultural practices
narrative
one of the four modes of discourse; the telling of a story; the relating of description of a sequence of related events
naturalism
late 19th and early 20th century literary movement that represents humans as lacking free will and entirely subject to heredity, environment, biological urges and economy
nemesis
protagonist's arch enemy or supreme and persistent difficulty
objectivity
impersonal presentation of facts, events, and characters
onomatopoeia
language that reproduces the sound of what it represents; can contribute to auditory imagery
opposition
pairs of elements that contrast meaningfully
oxymoron
figure of speech composed of seemingly contradictory words or phrases
parable
short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory; a form of narrative
paradox
statement or situation that initially seems to contradict itself but on closer examination is nonetheless true or eventually resolves itself
parallelism
technique of arranging words, phrases, clause or other structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form
paraphrase
to restate phrases and sentences in one's own words
persona
the voice of a text
personification
anthropomorphism; the attribution of human and/or sentient qualities to a non-human or inanimate object
plaint
poem or speech expressing sorrow
persuasion
a form of argumentation, one of the four modes of discourse; language inteded to convince through appeals to reason, values, or emotion
point of view
perspective from which material is presented; i.e. first-person narrator, stream of consciousness
protagonist
main character of a literary owrk
pun
play on words