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Missouri compromise 1820

Compromise made by Congress that mad Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state;

Fugitive slave Act

A law allowing slave owners the right to recapture runaway slaves and return them to the owner

Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854

A law that divided the territories of Kansas and Nebraska; it overturned the Missouri Comp

Bleeding Kansas 1856- 1860

Civil War in Kansas due to conflict over the choice to be a free state; lasted 3 years

Uncle Tom's Cabin

A book written by an abolitionist to get people especially Northerners to see the awful situations for the slaves

Violence in Congress

Caning of sumner-speech given in the Senate attacking pro-slavery; A Southern congressman attacked Sumner with his cane

Compromise of 1850

Laws of how states would be brought into the u.s. Ca became a free state; Washington, D.C. outlawed slavery; two territories were made called Utah and New Mexico; they could choose by popular sovereignty Fugitive Slave Act

Harpers Ferry 1859

A raid on the Union arsenal at Harpers Ferry, West Verginia led by John Brown who had been involved in the bleeding Kansas incidences

The Dred Scott decision Dred Scott vs. Sanford

Supreme Court case. Dred Scott was a slave who moved with his owner to a free state; his owner died and he moved back to Missouri. When his owner died, he wanted his freedom since he had lived in a free state; SC ruled to not allow his freedom.

Lincoln- Douglas Debates

Political debates in Illinois related to the Senate seat in congress; Lincoln took anti-slavery stand and lost the election to Douglas, but gained a lot of followers from the Republican Party and that helped him get elected in 1860

Election of 1860

Two different races for election. one in the North and one in the South depending on people's views

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