American History Vocab 1
Terms in this set (59)
A way to manufacture steel quickly and cheaply by blasting hot air through melted iron to quickly remove impurities.
Exclusive rights to make or sell inventions.
Businesses that sell portions of ownership called stockshare.
Advantages of owning stock.
Not responsible for business debt
If a corporation fails financially, stockholders lose only invested money.
Stockholders are free to sell their stocks whenever and to whoever.
Ownership of businesses involved in each step of a manfacturing process.
Owning all businesses in a certain field.
A view of society based on Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection.
A legal arrangement grouping together a # of companies under a single board of directors. Total ownership of a product/service.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Law that illegalized monopolies or trusts that restrained trade.
When all workers acting collectively to achieve negotiating w/the manager.
American Federation of Labor
One of the first labor unions.
People hired to do the jobs of workers on strike
Giving money to charity.
An organized massacre of Jews
Someone who doesn't want a gov't
Immigrants from northern Europe
Immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.
Area below a ship's deck where steering mechanisms are located.
Aid organizations that offered help to imm. in case of sickness, death, or job loss.
Poorly built, overcrowded apartment buildings.
Factories of long hour shifts and unhealthy working conditions.
People who feared that too many immigrant were coming into the country.
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act
Law banning Chinese from immigrating to the U.S. for 10 years.
Public transportation designed to move many people.
Leisure or cultural asticities shared by many people.
1901 New York State Tenement Act
Required new buildings to have ventilation and running water.
Neighborhood centers in poor areas that offered edu, recreaction, and social activities.
Most famous settlement house of the peroid.
NYC's political machine
The gov't job system
1883 Pendleton Civil Service Act
Set up a merit system for awarding Federal jobs.
Reformers working to improve society in the late 1800's
Journalists who "raked up" and exposed the muck, or filth, of society.
Allowed Americans to vote directly for US Senators.
Procedure that allowed voters to propose a new law by collecting signatures on a petition.
Permitted voters to approve/reject a law already passed by gov't.
Robert M. La Follete. He made available to the public info on how politicians voted.
Workers' Compesation Laws
Guaranteed a portion of lost wages to workers injured on the job.
System where private businesses run most industries, competition deterimines the price of goods.
Gov't owns/operates country's means of production.
Industrial Workers of the World
Avoidance of alcohol.
Banned production, sale, transportation of alcoholic beverages throughtout U.S.
Right to vote
Granted women sufferage.
Booker T. Washington
Born a slave, became respected educator in his twenties.
When people are murdered by mobs w/o a trial after being accused of a crime.
Nat'l Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Movement toward adopting a dif. culture/
Formal process to settle disputes.
Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Prohibited manufacture, sale transport of mislabeled/contaminated food/drugs.
Protection of nature/its resources.
Payne-Aldrich Tariff of 1909
Reduced some rates on imported goals, but raised others.
Progressive "Bull Moose" Party
Progressive Party. Roosevelt and his followers
Allowed federal gov't to impose direct taxes on citizens' incomes.
1913 Federal Reserve Act
Created nat'l banking system to regulate the economy.
1914 Clayton Anit-Trust Act
Strenthened fed. laws against monopolies.