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Abdulhamid II

Sultan of the Ottomans who abolished the new constitution and ruled by Authoritarian means.

T.E. Lawrence

"Lawerence of Arabia"= Muslim Ruler and Type of Pope.


"Father of the Turks" who helped to create Republic of Turkey and wanted to modernize [westernize] Turkey as well as separate religion and government.

Reza Shah Pahlavi

wanted to modernize Iranian nationalist. dominated government from 1925-1979. established authoritarian goernment in Iran.

Ibn Saud

reform leader in the early 1920s and united Northern Arabian Peninsula. He created Saudi Arabia in 1932.

W.E.B Du Bois

1868-1963. American civil rights activist, public intellectual, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. First African-American to receive Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. Battled twentieth century racism as civil rights leader.

Marcus Garvey

African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the U.N.I.A. and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.

Mohandas Gandhi

Great leader from India who used non-violence to protest for independence, gender equity, and peaceful conflict resolution.

Jawaharlal Nehru

Follower of Gandhi who became India's first prime minister. He wanted democracy, unity, economic modernization and neutrality in the Cold War. Tried to elevate lower castes and rights of women.

Ho Chi Minh

Communist leader of North Vietnam.

Sun Yat-sen

This man was a radical Chinese reformer who sought to overthrow the government.

Chiang Kai-shek

Leader of the Nationalist Party after 1925.

Mao Zedong

Chinese communist leader (1893-1976).

Juan Vicente Gomez

Venezualean dictator who had a strong relationship with the US oil compaies.

Hipolito Irigoyen

leader of the radical party in Argentina;elected president of Argentina.

Getuilio Vargas

Weathy rancher made president of Brazil.

Lazaro Cardenas

President of Mexico (1934-1940). He brought major changes to Mexican life by distributing millions of acres of land to the peasants, bringing representatives of workers and farmers into the inner circles of politics, and nationalizing the oil industry.

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