Sultan of the Ottomans who abolished the new constitution and ruled by Authoritarian means.
"Father of the Turks" who helped to create Republic of Turkey and wanted to modernize [westernize] Turkey as well as separate religion and government.
Reza Shah Pahlavi
wanted to modernize Iranian nationalist. dominated government from 1925-1979. established authoritarian goernment in Iran.
reform leader in the early 1920s and united Northern Arabian Peninsula. He created Saudi Arabia in 1932.
W.E.B Du Bois
1868-1963. American civil rights activist, public intellectual, Pan-Africanist, sociologist, educator, historian, writer, editor, poet, and scholar. First African-American to receive Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. Battled twentieth century racism as civil rights leader.
African American leader durin the 1920s who founded the U.N.I.A. and advocated mass migration of African Americans back to Africa. Was deported to Jamaica in 1927.
Great leader from India who used non-violence to protest for independence, gender equity, and peaceful conflict resolution.
Follower of Gandhi who became India's first prime minister. He wanted democracy, unity, economic modernization and neutrality in the Cold War. Tried to elevate lower castes and rights of women.