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16 terms

Poetry terms

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anaphora
repetition of words at the beginning of two or more lines
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds with words that are close to each other (poetry)
consonance
repetition of internal/ending consonant sounds in words close together (poetry)
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines (adjacent)
diction
careful choice of words employed by the poet
enjambment
when a phrase or sentence carries over to the other line, often speeding up the pace of the poem
free verse
poetry without a regular meter or a rhyming scheme
lyric poem
a poem that expresses personal feelings
metaphor
comparison between two unlike things in which one is said to be another thing
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
onomatopoeia
use of words whose sounds echo their sense
personification
figure of speech in which nonhuman/nonliving things are given human-like traits
refrain
group of words repeated at intervals in a poem, song, or speech
simile
a comparison between two unlike things using like, as, or than
sonnet
(english tradition) poem of 14 lines of iambic pentameter arranged into 3 quadrants and a couplet
stanza
a unit it of lines dividing the poem (often containing 3, 4, or 5 lines)