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Clinical Terms ch7-8

clinical terms
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achondroplasia
inherited condition that retards formation of cartilaginous bone: results in type of dwarfism
acromegaly
abnormal enlargement of facial features, hands, and feet in ADULTS as a result of overproduction of growth hormone
colles fracture
fracture at the distal end of the radius that displaces the smaller fragment posteriorly
epiphysiolysis
separation or loosening of the epiphysis from the diaphysis of the bone
laminectomy
surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra, usually to relive symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc
lumbago
dull ache in the lumbar region of the back
orthopedics
medical specialty that prevents, diagnoses, and treats disease and abnormalities of the skeletal and muscular systems
ostealgia
pain in a bone
ostectomy
surgical removal of a bone
oseitis
inflammation of bone tissue
osteochondritis
inflammation of bone and cartilage tissues
osteogenesis
bone development
osteogenesis imperfecta
inherited condition of deformed and abnormally brittle bones
osteoma
tumor composed of bone tissue
osteomalacia
softening of adult bone due to a disorder in calcium and phosphorous metabolism, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency
osteomyelitis
bone inflammation caused by the body's reaction to bacterial or fungal infection
osteonecrosis
death of bone tissue; most commonly occurs in the femur head in elderly people and may be due to obstructed arteries supplying the bone
osteopathology
study of bone diseases
osteopenia
decrease in bone mass due to reduction in bone tissue formation
osteoporosis
decreased bone mineral content
osteotomy
cutting a bone
ankylosis
abnormal stiffness of a joint or fusion of bones at a joint; often due to damaged joint membranes from chronic rheumatoid arthritis
arthralgia
pain in a joint
arthrocentesis
puncture of and removal of fluid from a joint cavity
arthrodesis
surgery to fuse the bones at a joint
arthrogram
radiograph of a joint after radiopaque fluid has been injected into the joint cavity
arthrology
study of joints and their diseases
arthopathy
any joint disease
arhtroplasty
surgery to improve joint mobility
arthrostomy
surgical opening of a joint to allow fluid drainage
arthrotomy
surgical incision of a joint
hemarthrosis
blood in a joint cavity
hydrarthrosis
accumulation of fluid within a joint cavity
luxation
dislocation of a joint
subluxation
partial dislocation of a joint
synovectomy
surgical removal of the synovial membrane from a joint