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78 terms

Ch 4 - Diseases, and abbreviations

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basal cell carcinoma
BCC
biopsy
bx
cytomegalovirus
CMV
community-associated MRSA infection
CA-MRSA
pressure ulcer
decub
dermatology
derm
healthcare-associated MRSA infection
HA-MRSA
incision and drainage
I&D
intradermal
ID
methicillin-resistent Staph aureus
MRSA
systemic lupus erythematosus
SLE
squamous cell carcinoma
SqCCA
staphylococcus
staph
streptococcus
strep
subcutaneous
sc
transdermal
TD
alopecia
loss of hair
cicatrix
scar
cyst
closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
cytomegalovirus
herpes-type virus that usually causes disease when immune system is compromised
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
ecchymosis
escape of blood into skin (or mucous membrane) causing small, flat, purple or blue discoloration. may occur when blood is withdrawn by a needle and syringe from an arm vein
edema
puffy swelling of tissues from accumulation of fluid
erythema
redness
induration
abnormal hard spots
jaundice
condition characterized by yellow tinge to skin
keloid
overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia
condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, may be precancerous
macule
flat, colored spot on the skin (ie freckle)
nevus
circumscribed malformation of the skin, usually brown, black or flesh colored; congenital = birthmark or mole
nodule
small, knotlike mass that can be felt by touch (ie lipoma)
pallor
paleness
papule
small, solid skin elevation (ie skin tag)
petechia
pinpoint skin hemorrhage
pressure ulcer
erosion of the skin caused by prolonged pressure, often occuring in bedridden patients (ie bed sore)
pruritus
severe itching
purpura
small hemorrhages in the skin (or mucous membrane) giving a purple-red discoloration, associated with blood disorders or vascular abnormalities
pustule
elevation of skin involving pus (ie acne, impetigo)
ulcer
erosion of skin or mucous membrane
verruca
circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus (wart)
vesicle
small elevation of epidermis containing liquid (blister)
wheal
transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and red surrounding area (a single hive)
cauterization
destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance
cryosurgery
destruction of tissue by using extreme cold, often liquid nitrogen
debridement
removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
dermabrasion
procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sandpaper
excision
removal by cutting
incision
surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument
Mohs surgery
technique or microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers
dermatoautoplasty
surgical repair using one's own skin (skin graft, autograft)
dermatoheteroplasty
surgical repair using skin from others (skin graft, allograft)
rhytidectomy
excision of wrinkles, facelift
rhytidoplasty
surgical repair of wrinkles
candidiasis
an infection of the skin and mouth (thrush)
carbuncle
skin infection complosed of a cluster of boils caused by staph
cellulitis
inflammation of skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling and fever
contusion
injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling and discoloration (bruise)
eczema
noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs and itching
fissure
slit or cracklike sore in skin
furuncle
painful skin node caused by staph in hair follicle (boil)
impetigo
superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staph or strep
Kaposi sarcoma
cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on lower extremities that spreads through the skin to lymph nodes and internal organs. common with AIDS
lesion
any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease
pediculosis
invasion into the skin and hair by lice
psoriasis
chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales
rosacea
chronic disorder of the skin that produces erytherma, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels, usually occurring on the central area of the face in people over 30
scabies
skin infection caused by itch mites, characterized by papule eruptions that are caused by the female burrowing into the outer layer of skin and laying eggs.
scleroderma
disease characterized by chronic hardening of connective tissue of the skin and other body organs
squamous cell sarcoma
malignant growth that develops from scalelike epithelial tissue. unlike basal cell carcinoma, there is a significant potential from metastasis. most frequently caused by chronic exposure to sunlight.
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic inflammatory disease involving the skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system.
tinea
fungal infection of the skin; ringworm and athlete's foot
urticaria
itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape, which usually resolves in a short period of time. (hives)
vitiligo
white patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes associated with autoimmune disorders
abrasion
scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
abscess
localized collection of pus
actinic keratosis
precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure to sunlight
albinism
congenital heriditary characterized by partial or total lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes
basal cell carcinoma
epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis. seldom metastasizes but invades local tissue. common cause excessive sun exposure