33 terms

Chapter 6

Rubenstein and Fellman
STUDY
PLAY
animism
belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
branch
a large and fundamental division within a religion
cosmogony
a set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
denomination
a division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations in a single legal and administrative body.
diocese
the basic unit of geographic organization in the Roman Catholic Church (like a stake).
ethnic religion
a religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
fundamentalism
literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion (or a religious branch, denomination, or sect).
ghetto
during the middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
hierarchical religion
a religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
monotheism
the doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god.
pilgrimage
a journey for religious purposes to a place considered sacred
polytheistic religion
religions that worship more than one God
sect
a relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination
secularism
a rejection of or indifference to religion and religious practice
shamanism
a form of tribal religion based on belief in a hidden world of gods, ancestral spirits, and demons responsive only to a shaman or interceding priest
syncretism
the development of a new form of culture trait by the fusion of two or more distinct parental elements (for instance, Sikhism combines different forms, beliefs and practices of Islam and Hinduism)
traditional religion
synonymous with tribal religion. An ethnic religion specific to a small, localized, preindustrial culture group
tribal religion
synonymous with traditional religion. An ethnic religion specific to a small, localized, preindustrial culture group
universalizing religion
a religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.
Zionism
the belief in the need to create an autonomous Jewish state in Palestine
religion
a cultural value system that involves systems of formal or informal worship and faith in the sacred and divine
intrafaith boundary
boundary that divides space among different groups within a particular religion; ex: among branches, denominations, or sects
interfaith boundary
the boundaries between the world's major faiths
autonomous religion
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
agnosticism
the belief that the existence of God can't be proven empirically.
atheism
The belief that God does not exist.
Caste
The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned, according to religious law.
Congregation
A local assembly of persons brought together for common religious worship.
Missionary
An individual who helps to diffuse an universalizing religion.
Polytheism
Belief in or worship of more than one god.
Solstice
An astronomical event that happens twice each year, when the tilt of Earth's axis is most inclined toward or away from the Sun, causing the Sun's apparent position in the sky to reach it mist northernmost or southernmost extreme, and resulting in the shortest and longest days of the year.
syncretic
Combining several religious traditions.
Universalizing Religion
A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location.