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Myers' Unit 10 Personality
Terms in this set (47)
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Proposed that childhood sexuality and unconcious motivations influence personality.
In Psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconcious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actons to unconcious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconcious tensions.
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memorie. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
A reservoir of unconcious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. Operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
The largely concious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates amond the demands of the id, superego and reality. Operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
The part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement (the concience) and for future aspirations.
The childhood stages of development during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
A boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father.
The process by which children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos.
A lingering focus of pleasur-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved.
The ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconciously distorting reality.
The basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness.
When an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated.
When the ego unconciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconcious feelings.
When people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
Offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, mre threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions.
Shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, as when redirecting anger toward a safer outlet.
When people re-channel their unacceptable impulses into socially approved activities.
When people refuse to delieve or even to perceive painful realities.
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history.
A personality test, such as the Rarschach or TAT, that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's inner dynamics.
A projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the stries they make up about ambiguous scenes.
Rorschach Inkblot Test
The most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblot. Seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots.
A theory of death-related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death.
Focuses on the ways "healthy" people strive for self-determination and self-realization.
One of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential.
Unconditional Positive Regard
An attitude of total acceptance toward another person.
All our thoughts and feelings about ouselves, in answer to the questions, "Who am I?"
-Traits relatively stable over time
-Stable across situations
-Vary in degree
A characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports.
A questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors; used to assess selected personality traits.
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. Originally develope to identify emotional disorders, this test is now used for many other screening purposes.
Empirically Derived Test
A test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups.
Views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people's traits and their social context.
The interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment.
The extent to which people perceive control over their environment rather than feeling helpless.
External Locus of Control
The perception that chance or outside forces beyond your personal control determine your fate.
Internal Locus of Control
The perception that you control your own fate.
The scientific study of optimal human fuctioning; aims to discover and promote strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive.
In contemporary psychology, assumed to be the center of personality, the organizer of our thoughts, feelings, and actions.
Overestimating others' noticing and evaluation our apperance, performance, and blunders.
One's feelings of high or low self-worth.
A readiness to perceive oneself favorably.
Giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identification.
Giving priority to the goals of one's group and defining one's identity accordingly.
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