Chapter 18

Thomas Edison
invented light bulb, putting electric lighting into American Homes
Alexander Graham Bells
his telephone linked urban people in a network of instant communication
Chicago Fire
1871, the rebuilding that started immediately after the fire spurred Chicago's development into one of the most populous economically important cities.
Frederick Law Olmstead
landscape architecture - Niagara Reservation, Central Park, Prospect Park
Political machines
a party organization headed by a single boss or small autocratic group that commands enough votes to maintain political administrative control of a city, country or state.
Boss Tweed
American politician most notable for being the "boss" of Tammany Hall. Third largest land owner in NYC. Director of Erie Canal and 10th National Bank and more.
Tammany Hall
Democratic party political machine.. Played a major role in controlling NYC and NYS politics and helping immigrants rise of in American politics. 1790s to 1960s.
William Randolph Hearst
business magnate and leading newspaper publisher.